Grain Legumes: Impact on Soil Health and Agroecosystem

  • Nirmali Gogoi
  • Kushal Kumar Baruah
  • Ram Swaroop Meena


Legumes are one of the richest sources of proteins, minerals, and fibers for animals and human being. They also have a great role in maintaining soil fertility through biological nitrogen fixation (BNF). Legumes help in solubilizing insoluble phosphorus (P) in soil, improving the soil physical environment, and increasing soil microbial activity and also have smothering effect on weed. Due to these positive roles in improving soil health and excellent adaptability to marginal environment, legumes are now considered as one of the important components of a cropping system. To reduce poverty, hunger, malnutrition, and environmental degradation, legume crop can be a substitute for cereal crop in marginal lands. Rediscoveries in genetics and genomics now open up new opportunities for improving productivity and quality in grain legume research. The carryover of nitrogen (N) derived from legume grain either in crop senescence or in intercropping system for succeeding crop is important. The necessitate of the interdisciplinary study on grain legumes to address their important role on soil health. Thus, the maximum beneficial effect in modern agriculture as the optimization of fertilizer N use is an essential not only to maintain and restore soil organic carbon (SOC) but also to minimize the nitrate pollution from agricultural source.


Grain legumes Nitrogen yield Protein yield Biological nitrogen fixation 



Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi


Biological nitrogen fixation


Chronic energy deficiency


Integrated soil fertility management practices


Protein energy malnutrition


Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria


Soil microbial biomass


Soil organic carbon


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nirmali Gogoi
    • 1
  • Kushal Kumar Baruah
    • 1
  • Ram Swaroop Meena
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceTezpur UniversityNapaamIndia
  2. 2.Department of AgronomyInstitute of Agricultural Sciences (BHU)VaranasiIndia

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