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Land, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development in Aceh, Indonesia: Confronting Inequalities Through Post-tsunami and Post-conflict Recovery

Chapter

Abstract

Aceh had endured nearly 30 years of armed conflict when the tsunami devastated its coastline and up to five kilometres inland. The scale of the disaster and the need for cooperation amongst diverse stakeholders in the peace and recovery effort prompted a renewal of peace talks in the months following the tsunami, which led to a historic Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Indonesia (GoI) and Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM; the Free Aceh Movement). Three years after the tsunami, and two and a half years after the signing of the MoU that had brought peace to Aceh, this paper analyses Aceh from the perspective of both post-disaster and post-conflict recovery. From the case studies presented it will emerge that, while post-tsunami recovery efforts in Aceh have, in many cases, attempted to address existing inequalities by ensuring that as many citizens as possible benefited from the increase in available resources, in other cases, aid delivery was not been based on local needs and realities, in particular those caused by the 30-year conflict. In international circles and in many on-the-ground post-tsunami efforts, the social impact and political economy of Aceh’s longstanding conflict went almost completely unnoticed. This has implications for the durability of Aceh’s post-disaster efforts.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New PlymouthNew Zealand

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