Advertisement

China’s Economic Integration and New Chinese Immigrants in the Mekong Region

  • Chinh Van Nguyen
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter examines the new migration from China to the Mekong region in the context of China’s increasing politico-economic influence in the region, and the special relations between the Mekong countries and China. Recent migration to the CLMV (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam) countries is framed in a historical context against recent economic and policy trends. Chinese migration to each of the CLMV countries is outlined with argument for coherent national immigration policies that take into consideration their social and economic development needs and interests.

Keywords

CLMV Chinese migrants Mekong region 

Bibliography

  1. Armstrong, Thomas D. 2013. “China’s Floating Population.” Southern California International Review, October 12. http://scir.org/2013/10/chinas-floating-population/.
  2. Asian Development Bank. 2010. GMS Migration Policy Briefing. Extracts from an ABD Project entitled “Forecasting Migration Flows: The Relationships among Economic Development”. Manila: Demographic Change and Migration in the Greater Mekong Subregion.Google Scholar
  3. Cambodia Daily. 2014. As Oknha Ranks Grow, Honorific Loses Meaning. June 21, 2014. https://www.cambodiadaily.com/news/as-oknha-ranks-grow-honorific-losesmeaning-62057/.
  4. Chan, Sambat. 2012. “The Chinese Minority in Cambodia Identity and Contestation.” MA thesis, Concordia University.Google Scholar
  5. Chiang, Bien, and Jean Chih-yin Cheng. 2015. “Changing Landscape and Changing Ethnoscape in Lao PDR: On PRC’s Participation in the Greater Mekong Subregion.” In Impacts of China’s Rise on the Mekong Region, edited by Yos Santasombat. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  6. China’s National Development and Reform Commission. 2011. “Country Report on China’s Participation in Greater Mekong Subregion Cooperation.” Xinhua, December 17. http://www.china.org.cn/china/2011-12/17/content241806918.htm.
  7. Chong, Terence. 2013. “Chinese Capital and Immigration into CLMV: Trend and Impact.” ISEAS Perspective. no. 53.Google Scholar
  8. Evans, G. 2008. “The Southward Drift of the Chinese.” Paper presented at the 17th Biennial Conference of the Asian Studies Association of Australia, Melbourne, July 1–3, 2008.Google Scholar
  9. Faming, Manynooch, and Vivien Wee, New Chinese Immigrants in Laos. Southeast Asian Research Center, City University of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
  10. General Statistical Office (Tổng cục Thống kê Việt Nam). 1999. Tổng điều tra dân số và nhà ở 1999 [General Investigation on Population and House (Census) 1999]. Hanoi: Thống kê.Google Scholar
  11. GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaftfür Technische Zusammenarbeit). 2009. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Land in the Lao PDR. Germany: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.Google Scholar
  12. Gunn, Geoffrey, and Brian McCartan. 2008. “Chinese Dams and the Great Mekong Floods of 2008.” Asia Times, August 22, 2008. https://apjjf.org/-Geoffrey-Gunn/2865/article.html.
  13. Haberecht, Svenja. 2009. “From Rice to Rubber: Development, Transformation, and Foreign Investment in Northern Laos—An Actor-Oriented Approach.” Diploma thesis. University of Bielefeld.Google Scholar
  14. Halpern, J. Martin. 1961. The Role of the Chinese in Lao Society. Santa Monica: The Rand Corporation.Google Scholar
  15. Hem, Socheth. 2013. Foreign Investment in Agriculture in Cambodia: A Survey of Recent Trends. Canada: The International Institute for Sustainable Development.Google Scholar
  16. IHLO (Hong Kong Liaison Office). 2014. Briefer on Chinese Investments in Myanmar. http://www.ihlo.org/CINTW/Burma.pdf.
  17. Kenney-Lazar, M. 2012. Land Concessions, Land Tenure, and Livelihood Change: Plantation Development in Attapeu Province, Southern Laos. National University of Laos. http://rightslinklao.org/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2014/05/3-Land-Concessions-Land-Tenure-and-Livelihood-Change-Plantation-Development-in-Attapeu-Province-Southern-Laos.pdf.
  18. Jakarta Post. 2016. Why ASEAN Must Pay More Attention to the Mekong Delta. Accessed June 10, 2016. http://www.thejakartapost.com/academia/2016/06/10/why-asean-must-pay-moreattention-to-the-mekong-delta.html.
  19. Lazarus, Kate. 2009. In Search of Aluminium: China’s Role in the Mekong Region. Geneva: Heinrich Bolle Stifling, WWF and International Institute for Sustainable Development.Google Scholar
  20. Le, Hong Hiep. 2009. “The Dominance of Chinese Engineering Contractors in Vietnam.” ISEAS Perspective, April. Accessed January 17, 2013. http://lehonghiep.net/2013/01/17/the-dominance-of-chinese-engineering-contractors-in-vietnam/.
  21. Lu, Guangsheng. 2012. “Economic Relations between China and GMS Countries: Contents, Characteristics and Implications.” The First Thai-Chinese Strategic Seminar. Bangkok.Google Scholar
  22. Lyttleton, C. 2009. Build It and They Will Come: Lessons from the Northern Economic Corridor for Mitigating HIV and Other Diseases. Manila: Asian Development Bank.Google Scholar
  23. McCartan, Brian. 2008. “New-Age Chinatown Has Laotians on Edge.” Asia Times, July 26. http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/JG26Ae02.html.
  24. MOLISA (Ministry of Labor, Invalid and Social Affairs) (Bộ Lao động). 2010. “Vấn đề lao động nước ngoài ở Việt Nam trong thời kì hội nhập quốc tế. Dự án Nghiên cứu.” [The Question of Foreign Labor in Vietnam in the Period of International Integration: A Research Proposal]. Unpublished report. Hanoi.Google Scholar
  25. New World Encyclopedia. 2003. Overseas Chinese. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Overseas_Chinese.
  26. Nguyen, Van Huy. 2016. “Nguoi Hoa tai Viet Nam.” Nghien cuu Lich su, October 14.Google Scholar
  27. Nyíri Pál. 2013. “New Chinese Immigration and Capital in Cambodia.” ISEAS Perspective 62: 25.Google Scholar
  28. Rallu, Jean Louis. 2002. “International Migration in South-East Asia: The Role of China.” Paper presented at the IUSP Conference on Southeast Asia Population in a Changing Asian Context held at Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, 10–13 June 2002.Google Scholar
  29. Santasombat, Y. (ed.). 2015. Impact of China’s Rise on the Mekong Region. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  30. Shannon, Stephanie, and Nicholas Farrelly. 2014. “Ethnic Chinese in the Midst of Myanmar’s Transition.” ISEAS Perspective 9.Google Scholar
  31. Siphat, Touch. 2015. “Patterns and Impacts of China Assistance.” In Impacts of China’s Rise on the Mekong Region, edited by Yos Santasombat, 195–226. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  32. Sisci, Francesco, and Lu Xiang. 2003. “China’s Achilles’ Heel: The ‘floating population’.” Asia Times, 17 May. http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China/EE17Ad01.html.
  33. Suvakunta, Pittaya. 2007 “China’s Go-Out Strategy: Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in Thailand.” Thammasat Review 12, no. 1, December: 116–145.Google Scholar
  34. SyCip, W. 2001. “The Ethnic Chinese in Southeast Asia—The Past, Present and Future,” September 17. http://www.wcec-secretariat.org/en/pdf/06/sycip_w_11.pdf.
  35. Tan, Danielle. 2011. “Du communisme au néolibéralisme. Le rôle des réseaux chinois dans la transformation de l’État au Laos.” (Volumes 1–2), Institut d’Études Politiques de Paris.Google Scholar
  36. Tan, Danielle. 2012. “Small Is Beautiful. Lessons from Laos for the Study of Chinese Overseas.” Journal of Current Chinese Affair 2: 61–94.Google Scholar
  37. Than, M., and Khin Maung Kyi. 1997. “Ethnic Chinese in Myanmar and their Identity.” In Ethnic Chinese as Southeast Asians, edited by Leo Suryadinata, 115–146. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.Google Scholar
  38. Tran, Khanh. 1994. The Ethnic Chinese and Economic Development in Vietnam. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.Google Scholar
  39. The Guardian. 2016. South China Sea Dispute: What You Need to Know About The Hague Court Ruling. Accessed September 15, 2016. https://www.theguardian.com/news/2016/jul/12/south-china-sea-dispute-what-you-needto-know-about-the-hague-court-ruling.
  40. Tun, Khine. 2015. “China-Myanmar: Toward a More Balance and Better Neighborhood.” In Impacts of China’s Rise on the Mekong Region, edited by Yos Santasombat, 167–194. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  41. US Energy Information Administration (EIA). 2013. Chinese Investments Play Large Role in Southeast Asia Hydroelectric Growth. Accessed August 16, 2015. https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=12571.
  42. Van Chinh, Nguyen. 2013. “Recent Chinese Migration to Vietnam.” Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 22, no. 1: 7–24.Google Scholar
  43. Van Chinh, Nguyen. 2014a. “Chinese Labour Migration into Vietnam’s Engineering, Procurement and Construction Sectors.” ISEAS Perspective 46.Google Scholar
  44. Van Chinh, Nguyen. 2014b. “Confucius Institutes in the Mekong Region: Soft Power or Soft Border?” Issues and Studies 50, no. 4: 85–117.Google Scholar
  45. Van Chinh, Nguyen. 2015. “China’s ‘Comrade Money’ and Its Social-Political Dimensions in Vietnam.” In Impacts of China’s Rise on the Mekong Region, edited by Yos Santasombat, 53–84. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  46. VECITA (Vietnam E-commerce and Information Technology Agency). 2012. “Xuất nhập khẩu với Trung Quốc” (Import-Export with China). Accessed December 26, 2013. http://tttm.vecita.gov.vn/default.aspx?layout=body&do=detail&category_id=7&id=101.
  47. Wenbin, Huang, and Andreas Wilkes. 2011. Analysis of China’s Overseas Investments Policies. Bogo, Indonesia: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Working Paper 79/9.Google Scholar
  48. World Bank. 2016. Thailand Overview. http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/thailand/overview.
  49. Xerogiani, Theodora. 2006. “Migration Policy and Its Interactions with Aid, Trade and Foreign Direct Investment Policies.” OECD Working Paper No. 249.Google Scholar
  50. Xinhua Agency. 2014. “Chinese Investment in Cambodia Up in 2013.” Global Times, 18 January. http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/838148.shtml#.UuHqNLQRXct.
  51. Zhuang, Guotu, and Wang Wangbo. 2010. “Migration and Trade: The Role of Overseas Chinese in Economic Relations between China and Southeast Asia.” International Journal of China Studies 1: 174–193.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chinh Van Nguyen
    • 1
  1. 1.Vietnam National UniversityHanoiVietnam

Personalised recommendations