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Potential of Biopriming in Enhancing Crop Productivity and Stress Tolerance

  • Ahmad Mahmood
  • Ryota Kataoka
Chapter

Abstract

Appropriate application of beneficial microbes to the seed or soil is essential for their efficacy and efficiency. Several methods like soil application, seed inoculation, root dipping, foliar application, and seed coating or covering have been employed, yet with the increase in concerns regarding survival of microbes on seed surface, and increasing focus on endophytes has led to search for potential methods ensuring the survival and colonization of the seed by the required microorganisms. To overcome the problems of lack of uniformity in seed emergence, poor seedling vigor, and establishment, researchers have come up with the technique of seed priming, which employing activation of physiological processes prior to sowing has certain advantages. Incorporation of hydration or immersion of seeds in microbial suspension, and/or seed covering in case of fungi, followed by incubation for a predetermined duration, and subsequent drying termed as biopriming have shown better survival, and colonization of desired microbes on/in the seeds providing plant growth promoting, and stress tolerance activities when used in many crops. A diversity of biopriming methods have been used with varying potential of plant growth-promoting activities as well as promising results in biocontrol of pathogens.

Keywords

Seed biopriming Plant growth-promoting microorganisms Crop growth Stress tolerance 

Abbreviation

CFUs

Colony forming units

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmad Mahmood
    • 1
  • Ryota Kataoka
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of YamanashiYamanashiJapan

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