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Salinity Stress Alleviation by Organic and Inorganic Fertilization

  • Nusrat Jabeen
Chapter

Abstract

Salinity is one of the major environmental stresses that limit plant growth and decreases crop production of more than 20% of irrigated land worldwide. The salinity reduced growth, yield, biomass, and quality of crop plants. These adverse effects are due to nutritional disorder induced by salinity which effects on the uptake, transport, and partitioning of nutrients within the plant. It is a need and demand of a time to develop an effective nutrient management package through different resources for the crops to promote growth, quality, and productivity under salt stress. This chapter reviews how to improve the nutritional status of the crop to enhance plant performance grown under salinity stress through different approaches. These different approaches include the use of organic fertilizer as soil amendments and the provision of inorganic fertilizer through foliar spray. Their beneficial effects are emphasized for the alleviation of salt stress on plant growth and productivity. These approaches could help to extend the threshold value of the crop grown in the soil which is considered nonproductive for cultivation due to higher levels of salinity.

Keywords

Abiotic stress Nutrient use efficiency Organic agriculture Plant nutrients Soil fertility 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nusrat Jabeen
    • 1
  1. 1.Biosaline Laboratory, Department of BotanyUniversity of KarachiKarachiPakistan

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