Development-Migration-Conflict: An Observation in the Mid-1990s

  • Riwanto Tirtosudarmo


This chapter devoted to describe the interlinkages between development, migration, and conflict. It is specifically looking at the events that occurred in the mid-1990s at a time when the Suharto authoritarian government seems unchallenged. While the explanation on the realm of development, migration, and conflict is theoretical in nature, the realities that experiences in the mid-1990s are factual. The chapter basically argued that national development backed up by the centralization of political power easily led to social and economic disparities between regions. The old dichotomy is between Java and other islands, since the New Order is generally shifted into the dichotomy between more prosperous Western Indonesia and less prosperous Eastern Indonesia. Migration, as a natural response from the population to differences in spatial development, reflects the gap in human endowment between migrants and nonmigrants, between settlers and local communities. Social tensions and conflicts that flare up in several places in Eastern Indonesia strongly related with the realm of development and migration that are crucially interlinked within the Suharto’s repressive state.


Development Migration Conflict Authoritarian state Eastern Indonesia 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Riwanto Tirtosudarmo
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Center for Society and CultureIndonesian Institute of SciencesJakartaIndonesia

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