Transforming Cost Design into Environmentally Conscious Cost Design in Japan: Likelihood and Problems for Further Development

  • Akira Nishimura


This chapter clarifies the process by which cost design in Japan becomes environmentally conscious cost design and considers the possibility of its further development and generalization. The chapter first defines cost design as proactive manufacturing of low cost and high quality at the design stage, in contrast to the standard cost system, and enquires into the extension of this process to the global supply chain and product life cycle. Second, it recognizes the development of environmentally conscious cost design as a result of the integration of supply chain costing and life cycle assessment into cost design from the viewpoint of environmental management. Third, it uses corporate social and environmental reports in the Japanese transport equipment and electric machine industries to investigate the state of environmentally conscious products, environmentally conscious design, eco-procurement, and life cycle assessment. To conclude, this chapter makes several proposals for further development of environmentally conscious cost design after analyzing the likelihood of success and some obstacles.


Cost design Global supply chain Product life cycle Design for environment Environmentally conscious cost design 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akira Nishimura
    • 1
  1. 1.Beppu UniversityBeppu-cityJapan

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