Trajectory Planning and Gait Analysis for the Dynamic Stability of a Quadruped Robot
Trajectory planning of robot’s center of gravity (CoG) is the main concern when a legged robot is walking. The trajectory of the robot should be framed such that the center of pressure (CoP) of the robot should lie within supporting polygon at all time. This paper deals with the study of support polygon and graphical analysis to find the location of CoG, where the robot has high chances to go to instability. The quadrilateral supporting phases are utilized to avoid these instability locations. Further, the analysis is done to find the timely sequence of lift and touchdown of legs (lift and touch are called as events of legs). Based on the sequence of events and the support polygon analysis, trajectory of the robot is defined, which can produce smooth, steady, and stable robot motion. Though the robot gains static stability by trajectory planning, its dynamic stability should also be verified. This is done using zero moment point (ZMP) method. The analysis done in this paper is for the unswaying robot, walking on flat terrain.
KeywordsQuadruped Support polygon Margin of stability Gait Zero moment point (ZMP)
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