Urban Drought pp 385-397 | Cite as

Urban Water Governance: Pricing of Water for the Slum Dwellers of Dhaka Metropolis

  • Mahfuzul HaqueEmail author
Part of the Disaster Risk Reduction book series (DRR)


Increasing population in the urban areas of Bangladesh takes its toll on the scarce resources like water for drinking, washing and sanitation purposes. Ever expanding Dhaka, the capital of the country, is reeling under the pressure of burgeoning population of around 14.5 million with a density of population of 45,000 per km2, while the country’s population is around 156 million. In the poor urban areas of Bangladesh, availability and the quality of water are fast decreasing. In Dhaka, the percentage of slum population out of total population of the metropolis has marked an increase although, occupying an area of only 4% of the metropolitan area. The paper raises the issue of “water governance” and stated that poor governance in water management has resulted in pilferage of water and caused miseries for the marginal dwellers living in the slums. Crisis of water continues to be one of the major concerns for the slum dwellers of Dhaka. Due to continuous withdrawal of groundwater and gradual loss of recharged areas, the groundwater table of Dhaka has declined at an alarming rate over the last couple of decades. On the top of that mushrooming of slums has generated booming business for the middlemen, corrupt officials and musclemen with political connections posing a great threat to an effective water governance. The study based mainly on se condary sources of the literature, argues that the slum dwellers are paying an exorbitant price than legal connection holders covered by Dhaka water supply and sewerage authority. They spend nearly a quarter of their average monthly income for domestic water supply. The study concluded that no matter that they are poor, the slum dwellers are paying more than that of general water consumers of the city.


Dhaka slums Slum dwellers Water governance Water pricing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Development Studies, Adjunct FacultyUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh

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