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Managing Urban Heterogeneity: A Budapest Case Study of Historical Urban Landscape

  • György Alföldi
  • Melinda Benkő
  • Gábor SonkolyEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Creativity, Heritage and the City book series (CHC, volume 2)

Abstract

This article has a double objective. First, it defines the major challenges of contemporary urban heritage preservation through the specificities of the Historic Urban Landscape (HUL) approach in order to determine an analytical framework to examine heritage cities and quarters from the perspective of heritage preservation. Second, it applies the analytical framework to assess current urban interventions in the 8th District (Józsefváros) (Józsefváros – “Josephtown” in English – was named after the Habsburg Emperor, Joseph II, in 1777. In this article, we refer to this district as “District” or under its Hungarian denomination) of Budapest. The research results help discuss the utility of the HUL approach.

In addition to the management of the general urban challenges of globalization, Józsefváros – the most heterogeneous administrative unit of Budapest’s historical center – must develop a variety of adaptation techniques, which fit its diverse built, social, cultural, and environmental legacy. Accordingly, the launching of an overall rehabilitation program for the District posed great dilemmas for decision-makers and designers. As a trailblazing decision among the districts of Budapest, the 8th District Municipality recognized this heterogeneity by the division of its territory into 11 quarters, which were determined by their specific character and heritage in 2005. Two opposite cases are selected to compare current urban intervention. Whereas the Magdolna Quarter Program was Hungary’s first truly integrated socially sensitive urban regeneration program, the one-time prestigious Palace Quarter boasts one of the highest densities of urban historic buildings in Europe, which are rehabilitated through the establishment of a new network of interior and exterior spaces with the participation of the locals.

Keywords

Budapest Józsefváros HUL approach Participative urban planning and design Quarter-based regeneration Urban heritage Urban milieu Security Heritage territory Heritage community 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • György Alföldi
    • 1
  • Melinda Benkő
    • 1
  • Gábor Sonkoly
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Urban Planning and DesignBudapest University of Technology and EconomicsBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Faculty of HumanitiesEötvös Loránd University of BudapestBudapestHungary

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