Mindful Education and the Kyoto School: Contemplative Pedagogy, Enactivism, and the Philosophy of Nothingness
This presentation is a dialogue between eastern philosophy (the Kyoto School of Philosophy) and western cognitive science (particularly psychology and neuroscience) on the topic of education. As a discussion point, I take up contemplative pedagogy/mindful education, which is a movement that attempts to integrate contemplative practices into the process of education. I will examine four points of connection between this movement and the ideas of the Kyoto School. The four points concern the idea of mindfulness itself, the subject-object relationship, well-being, and creativity. To represent the Kyoto School, I will focus on Nishida Kitarô’s idea of pure experience and Nishitani Keiji’s idea of the standpoint of emptiness. Additionally, I will try to bring these ideas into dialogue with the enactivist view of Francisco Varela (who directly cites Nishitani’s philosophy in The Embodied Mind).
KeywordsJapanese philosophy Emptiness Pure experience Philosophy of education
This paper was written with the aid of funding from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (Project Number: 17K13988).
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