Mapping Vulnerable Earthquake Disaster Class-I Cities for Disaster Risk-Reduction and Community Resilience in India
Proliferated population growth and the symbiotic relationship with its problems have immersed in itself in the cities with the syndromes of disaster. Class-1 cities and the complexities in the process therein provide an understanding of how mechanisms, functions, and processes create vulnerabilities. Disaster preparedness and community resilience stand crucial from the standpoint of reducing disaster risks. India has been traditionally vulnerable to natural disasters. About 60% of the landmass is prone to earthquakes of various intensities subsequent to the risks and vulnerabilities. The paper adopts to capture the crucial argument of why majority of Class-I cities especially their built environment is vulnerable to an elevated risk of earthquakes and also posing threats to a large number of population.
KeywordsVulnerable Risks Population growth Class-I cities Disaster preparedness
- Bahadur, A. (2008). Accountability for DRR. IDS Research Report for Christian Aid. Brighton: Institute for Development Studies. .Google Scholar
- District Census Handbook. (2011). Census of India. Ministry of Home Affairs.Google Scholar
- Earthquake Vulnerability Reduction for Cities (EVRC-2); Module 3 Session 1(a).Google Scholar
- Jackson, D. (2011). Effective Financial Mechanisms at the National and Local Level for Disaster Risk Reduction. Geneva: United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. http://www.unisdr.org/files/18197_202jackson.financialmechanismstosup.pdf.
- Jain, S. K. (1998). “Indian Earthquakes: An Overview”. The Indian Concrete Journal 72(11): 555–561. Google Scholar
- Kent, G. (2001). “The Human Right to Disaster Mitigation and Relief”, Environmental Hazards 3(3): 137–138.Google Scholar
- Khan, D. (2013). Opinion: Integrating Climate-smart DRM in Key Sectors—What Does it Take? London: Climate and Development Knowledge Network. http://cdkn.org/2013/06/opinion-integrating-climate-smart-drm-in-key-sectorswhat-does-it-take.
- Mitchell, T., and Tanner, T. (2006). Overcoming the Barriers: Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation in Developing Countries. London: Tearfund. Google Scholar
- Mitchell, T., Jones, L., Lovell, E., and Comba, E. (2013). Disaster Risk Management in Post-2015 Development Goals: Potential Targets and Indicators. London: Overseas Development Institute. http://www.odi.org.uk/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/publications-opinion-files/8354.pdf.
- National Disaster Management Plan. (2016). A Publication of the National Disaster Management Authority. New Delhi: Government of India.Google Scholar
- National Guidelines on Disaster Management vis-a-vis Earthquakes, Unstarred Question No. 2793, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India 2015.Google Scholar
- Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, United Nation.Google Scholar
- Sergey, T., Lothar, S. G., Rutger, W., and Jochen, Z. (2004). “Vulnerability and Risk Assessment for Earthquake Prone Cities”. 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Canada, Paper No. 868.Google Scholar
- Sinha, D. K. (2015). “Essay on Earthquakes in India”. Unpublished Article on Your Article Library. http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com.