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Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory Action of Thymoquinone

  • Arif Khan
Chapter

Abstract

Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action of thymoquinone (TQ) may be utilized in the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as prostatitis, neuropsychiatric, mucositis, etc. TQ has been shown to have potential as a supplement co-drug against methotrexate-induced intestinal and nephrotoxicity in cancer chemotherapy. Besides, it suppresses the characteristics of airway inflammation by reducing the production of inflammatory mediators such as 5-lipoxygenase, leukotriene, and eosinophils. NF-κB is a transcription factor that plays a role in inflammatory diseases. Suppression of NF-κB by TQ has a role in its anti-inflammatory actions. Subsequently, inhibition of inflammatory cytokines and mediators which are key components in the process of inflammation is exploited to reduce inflammation and damage. TQ inhibits LPS-induced IL-1β, ΙL-6, and ΙL-12p40/70 production, which suggests the potential of TQ in suppressing pro-inflammatory cytokines. It ameliorates sodium nitrite-induced elevation of NFκB and pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6) in testicular.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arif Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Applied Medical SciencesQassim UniversityBuraidahSaudi Arabia

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