Insect Pests of Vegetables

  • Neha Kunjwal
  • Ravi Mohan Srivastava


Vegetables are good sources of proteins (peas, beans and garlic), vitamins (tomato, carrot, peas, tomato, garlic, green chillies and cole crops), minerals (drumstick pods) and carbohydrates (leguminous vegetables, methi, potato and sweet potato). Many of the vegetable crops, such as onion and garlic, possesses high medical value (Harris et al. 2001) that helps to reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, certain types of cancer, gastrointestinal issues, high blood pressure, eye disease and many more. Vegetable cultivation is an important and alternative source of income, especially in urban and suburban areas. More than 40 kinds of vegetables belonging to different groups, namely, solanaceous, cucurbitaceous, leguminous, cruciferous (cole crops) and tuber crops, are grown in India. India is the second largest producer of vegetables after China with 2.8% of total cropped area. The area under cultivation of vegetables stood at 9.542 million hectares. India ranks first in production of ginger and okra among vegetables and second in production of potatoes, onions, cauliflowers, brinjal, cabbages, etc. With current level of vegetable production in the country (146.55 million ton) considering 25% postharvest losses and 5% export and processing, per capita consumption of vegetables in our country is 230 g as against recommended requirements of 300 g. India has a relatively low, around 1.5%, global share of export of vegetables because of large domestic consumption and the attack of insect pests (10,000 species), diseases (100,000 diseases, caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms), nematodes (1000 species) and weeds (Hall 1995; Dhaliwal et al. 2007). The total worldwide food and preharvest losses due to insect pests, plant pathogens and weeds were estimated to be about 45% (of total food production) and 30%, respectively (Pimentel and Levitan 1986).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neha Kunjwal
    • 1
  • Ravi Mohan Srivastava
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Entomology, College of AgricultureG.B. Pant University of Agriculture and TechnologyPantnagarIndia

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