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Pests of Maize

  • Pradyumn Kumar
  • Jaswinder Kaur
  • S. B. Suby
  • J. C. Sekhar
  • Soujanya P. Lakshmi
Chapter

Abstract

Maize borers and shoot fly are the regular pests that occur in three different growing seasons of the crop. Chilo partellus is a regular pest of kharif maize. Sesamia inferens is more prevalent in rabi crop, but it also occurs in spring maize. Atherigona spp. are a regular pest in spring maize in the northern part of India. Besides, there are nearly one dozen more pests, which occur sporadically and cause considerable crop losses at times. The losses caused by insect pests in maize crop ranges from 5% to 15%. A large number of natural enemies are also attracted to maize because of its colossal production of pollen grains. Further, the plant architecture offers a suitable niche for them to hide during harsh conditions, thus naturally protecting the crop from the ravage of pests considerably. By understanding the pest bioecology, pest management in maize ecosystem becomes quite effective and economical.

Keywords

Maize Pests Chilo Sesamia Atherigona 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pradyumn Kumar
    • 1
  • Jaswinder Kaur
    • 1
  • S. B. Suby
    • 1
  • J. C. Sekhar
    • 1
  • Soujanya P. Lakshmi
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Institute of Maize ResearchIndian Agricultural Research Institute CampusNew DelhiIndia

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