• S. Chakrabarti


Aphids belong to the superfamily Aphidoidea and family Aphididae of the order Hemiptera. These are plant-sucking bugs. These insects are considered as an important group of pests of agricultural, horticultural and forest plants. Many species infest herbaceous crops and also the wild plants. Aphids exhibit cyclical parthenogenesis along with sexual reproduction, host alternation and extreme polymorphism that make their biology complicated. In this chapter, morphological structures with their variations in aphids, general biology, life history pattern, polymorphism and functions of different morphs have been discussed precisely. Accounts of different species of aphids found on several economical plants and their vectorial role in India have also been provided.



The author thanks the University Grants Commission, New Delhi, for providing Emeritus Fellowship during the period of preparation of this chapter. Thanks are also due to the principal of Vidyasagar College, Kolkata, for providing infrastructural facilities for work.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Chakrabarti
    • 1
  1. 1.Post-Graduate Department of ZoologyVidyasagar CollegeKolkataIndia

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