Pests of Seed Spices

  • Krishna Kant
  • Siya Ram Meena


Seed spices comprise more than ten crops, are used mostly as grounded spices, seasoning and garnishing and have Mediterranean origin. In India its largest cultivation acreage is found in the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat. Most of the seed spice crops attract a large number of insect pests that cause significant losses in fields as well as during storage. Among various insect pests associated with seed spice crops, sucking pests are the largest group and cause maximum damage to the crops in fields. Aphids are the major yield-limiting biotic factor, as they cause more damage than any other pest on seed spice crops. More than one species of aphids are found attacking on many seed spice crops. Other sucking pests associated with seed spice crops are thrips, jassids, hoppers, bugs, etc. Seed wasp is another important pest in fields and during storage. Defoliators are also found on these crops but cause limited damage. Most of these pests are polyphagous, attacking a variety of vegetation, and a few species are exclusive for seed spices. Some of the species cause heavy losses to the crops.


Seed spices Insect pests Management 


  1. Abro GH, Syed TS, Khanzada MS, Khanzada SR, Salman M, Anwar S, Sarwar M, Dayo SH, Perzada AA, Suwang S, Abro AH (2016) Arthropods associated with some medicinal plants under field conditions in Sindh province of Pakistan. J Entomol Zool Stud 4(1):516–520Google Scholar
  2. Ameta O.P, Gupta H. C. L (2007) Studies on bioefficacy, biosafety and dissipation of carbosulfan 25 EC in cumin, for the management of sucking insect pests. Paper presented in National Seminar on production, development, quality and export of seed spices. February 2–3, 2007. NRC seed spices, Tabiji, Ajmer, Rajasthan- India, pp 357–364Google Scholar
  3. Anonymous (1970) Twenty years of agriculture research in Rajasthan (entomology). Department of Agriculture Printer at Government Press, Bikaner, pp 1–171Google Scholar
  4. Anonymous (2016) Spices, area, production and productivity in INDIA. Directorate of Arecanut and Spice Develoment Board, Calicut. Google Scholar
  5. Bapreddy D (1968) Plant Protection. Allied Publishers Private Ltd., 15, Graham Road, Ballarad Estate, Bombay pp. 301Google Scholar
  6. Baloda RS, Lal G, Manohar SS (2004) Screening of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) cultivars against aphids (Acyrthosiphon pisum H.) Ann of Agri Bio Res 9(1):79–82Google Scholar
  7. Beglyarov GA, Uashchekov AT (1977) Biological control of aphids on green crops. Zashcita Rastenii 2(65):1864Google Scholar
  8. Beltrame R, Salto C (2000) Ammi majus L. and Foeniculum vulgare miller as host for aphids and their natural enemies. Rewvista-de-la-facultad-de-Agronomia Univiersidad-de-Buenous Aires 20(3):395–400Google Scholar
  9. Bharagava PD, Mathur SC, Vyas HK, Anwar M (1971) Note on screening fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L.) varieties against aphid (Hyadaphis coriandri (Das) infestation). Ind J Agric Sci 41:90–92Google Scholar
  10. Bostos JAM (1978) Contribution to knowledge of the aphids (Aphididae) of the state of Ceara, Brazil. Fitossanidade 2(67):595Google Scholar
  11. Brar KS, Kanwar JS (1994) Field response of fenugreek germplasm to Aphis craccivora Koch. J Insect Sci 7(2):211–212Google Scholar
  12. Brar KS, Kanwar JS (1997) Further studies on resistance in fenugreek germplasm to Aphis craccivora. Punjab Veg Grow 32:11–14Google Scholar
  13. Butani P.G, Mittal V.P (1989) Efficacy of certain insecticides against fennel seed midge (Systole albipennis Walker). Abstract of first national seminar on seed spices, Jaipur, 24–25 October 1989, pp 40Google Scholar
  14. Butani PG, Mittal VP, Goel SC (1992) Management of aphids with conservation of coccinellid predators in fennel crop. In: Proceeding of the National Symposium on growth, development and control technology of insect-pests, pp 205–211Google Scholar
  15. Butani PG, Kapadia MN, Virani VR, Jethva DM (2009) Integrated Management of Hyadaphis corianderi in Coriander. Ann Pl Protec Sci 17(2):459–526Google Scholar
  16. Chaudhuri N, Senapati SK (2004) Incidence and biology of leaf miner, Liriomyza trifolii (burg.) on tomato as influenced by weather conditions. Protec Sci 12:55–58Google Scholar
  17. de Araujo CZD (1986) Occurrence of Myzus persicae (Sulzer, 1776) (Homoptera, Aphididae) on a crop of coriander Coriandrum sativum (Umbelliferae) [in Port.]. Anais Soc Entomol Bras 15:173–174Google Scholar
  18. Dupas P, Galambasi B, Bujaki G (1985) Aphids damaging umbellate volatile oil plants. Novenyvedelm 21(75):617Google Scholar
  19. Ferreira RG, Sousa-Silva ECR (2004) Hyadaphis foeniculi on anise crop in Pernambuco state. Pesq agrop bras Brasília 39(12):1265–1266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Flemion F, Macnear BT (1951) Reduction of vegetative growth and seed yield in umbelliferous plants by Lygus oblineatus, boyee. Thoson Insts 16(40):156Google Scholar
  21. Flemion F, Olson J (1950) Lygus bugs in relation to seed production and occurrence of embryoless seeds in various umbelliferous spices. Contrib Boyde Thomson Inst 16(42):155Google Scholar
  22. Fye RE (1984) Damage to vegetable and forage seedlings by over wintering Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae). Adults. J Econ Entomol 77:1141–436 (RAE (A), 73:270)Google Scholar
  23. Ganapathy N, Durairaj C, Karuppuchamy (2010) Bio-ecology and management of serpentine leaf miner, Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) in cowpea. Karnataka J Agric Sci 23(1):159–160Google Scholar
  24. Ghetiya LV, Bhutani PG (1995) Population dynamics of aphid (Aphis gossypii Glover) on coriander in relation to ecological and biological parameters. Gujarat Agric Univ J 21(1):193–196Google Scholar
  25. Gupta SC (1962) Occurrence of exembryonate seeds in the Umbelliferae. Curr Sci 31:203–205Google Scholar
  26. Gupta BM (1990) Occurrence of brown wheat mite. Petrobia Latens (Miller) on cumin in Rajasthan. Ind Cocoa-Arecanut Spice J 13(4):143Google Scholar
  27. Gupta MP, Rai HS (2004) Bioefficacy of neem products and insecticides against the incidence of coriander aphid. Paper presented in national seminar on opportunities and potentials of spice for crop diversification. Department of Vegetable Science and Floriculture, JNKVV, Jabalpur, India. January 19–21, 2004, pp 77–79Google Scholar
  28. Gupta BM, Yadava CPS (1986a) Studies on insect pest on cumin and their control. Ind Cocoa Aracenut Spices J 9(3):70–71Google Scholar
  29. Gupta BM, Yadava CPS (1986b) Susceptibility of released and elite cumin germplasm to aphid. Ind Cocoa, Aracenut Spices J 9(3):174–176Google Scholar
  30. Gupta BM, Yadava CPS (1989) Role of coccinellid predators in regulating the aphid Myzus persicac (sulzer) population on cumin in field. Indian J Entomol 511): 24–28Google Scholar
  31. Hadoat SF, Mossadegh MS (1979) First report of Hyadaphis coriandri (Das) and Cavariella aegopodii on Anethum and other host in gram. Entomol Phytopaltologic Appl 47:45–50Google Scholar
  32. Hake LG, Deshwal HL, Yadav VS (2015) Bioefficacy of insecticides against aphid, Hyadaphis coriandri on fennel. Ind J Plant Protect 43(2):241–243Google Scholar
  33. Jacob S, Ushakumary R (1991) Suitability of different host materials for the growth and development of the drug store beetle, Stegobium paniceum (L). Plant Protect Bull Faridabad 43(1–2):29–30Google Scholar
  34. Jain PC, Yadava CPS (1986) Effect of date of sowing on the incidence of insect pests of coriander. Ind J Agric Sci 56(1):56–59Google Scholar
  35. Jain PC, Yadava CPS (1989) Incidence of insect pests and their control and coriander. India Cocoa Arecanut Spice J 13(2):61–62Google Scholar
  36. Jansen PCM (1981) Coriandrum sativum L. In College of Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia and The Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (eds) Spices, condiments and medicinal plants in Ethiopia, their taxonomy and agricultural significance. Centre for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation, Wageningen, pp 56–67Google Scholar
  37. Jat BL, Choudhary RK, Kumawat KC (2009) Bioefficacy and economics of newer insecticides and neem products against Hyadaphis coriandri (das) on fennel. Ind J Entomol 71(2):133–136Google Scholar
  38. Joshi MC, Mathur YK (1967) Notes on the aphid of Rajasthan. Madras Agric J 54:239Google Scholar
  39. Judal GS, Upadhyay VR (1989) New host of Helicoverpa armigera in India. Trop Pest Manag 35(2):213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Kant K, Sharma YK, Meena SR, Meena SS, Mehta RS (2011) Management of seed wasp Systole albipennis walker (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) in coriander. Int J Seed Spices 1(1):53–55Google Scholar
  41. Kant K, Sharma YK, Ramanujam B, Tyagi SK, Ranjan JK, Mishra BK, Meena SS, Vishal MK, Meena SR (2013a) Biorational approaches for management of aphids (Hyadaphis coriandri das) on fennel. Indian J Horti 70(2):300–303Google Scholar
  42. Kant K, Sharma YK, Mishra BK, Vishal MK, Meena SR (2013b) Management of chalcid wasp (Systole albipennis) (Eurytomidae: Hymenoptera) in coriander: a pest of field and quarantine significance. Ind J Agric Sci 83(10):1043–1045Google Scholar
  43. Kant K, Ranjan JK, Mishra BK, Meena SR, Lal G, Vishal MK (2013c) Post harvest losses by cigarette beetle (Lasioderma serricorne F.) in seed spice crops. Ind J Hortic 70(3):392–396Google Scholar
  44. Katyakha SA, Kaikov NS, Kaskova LA (1984) An effective natural enemies of aphids. Zashchita Rastenii 7:19Google Scholar
  45. Koraz A (1976) The intensity of the phytophagous bugs of the order Heteroptera on some seed crops of umbelliferous plants. Prace Naukowe instytutu Ochrony Roshin 18:125–155Google Scholar
  46. Koraz A (1977) Biology, morphology and occurrence of Lygus campestris L. and other bugs of the genus Lygus (Heteroptera: Miridae) in Poland. Pr Nauk Fnstytutu Ochrony Raslin 19:209–240Google Scholar
  47. Kumari S, Yadava PR, kumari S (2002a) Genotype variation in coriander for resistance to aphid [Hyadaphis coriandri (das)] infestation under field condition. Insect Environ 8(4):190–191Google Scholar
  48. Kumari S, Yadava PR, Kumari S (2002b) Field efficacy and economics of insecticidal soil treatment against coriander aphid, Hyadaphis coriandri das. J Appl Zool Res 13(2–3):204–205Google Scholar
  49. Kumawat KC, Singh SP (2001) Bioefficacy of some insecticide against aphids, Acyrthosiphon pisum on fenugreek. Ann Plant Protec Sci 9(2):320–322Google Scholar
  50. Kumaresan D, Regupathy A, Baskaran P (1988) Pest of Seed Spices. Rajalakshmi Publication, Chennai, pp 1–241Google Scholar
  51. Lakshminarayana M, Basappa H, Vijayasingh R (1992) Report on the incidence of hitherto unknown leaf miner (Agromyzidae) on castor. J Oilseeds Res 9:175–176Google Scholar
  52. Loknath, Singh AK, Singh HM, Nath L (2004) Relative resistance of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) germplasm against aphid Hyadaphis coriandri. Shashpa 11(1):87–88Google Scholar
  53. Malhotra S.K (2007) Safety dimension for exportable seed spices production. Paper presented in National Seminar on production, development, quality and export of seed spices. February 2–3, 2007. NRC seed spices, Tabiji, Ajmer, Rajasthan- India, pp 109–118Google Scholar
  54. Manjula KN, Kotikal YK, Patil HB, Biradar IB (2015) Studies on insect fauna, their natural enemies and pollinators in fenugreek. Karnataka J Agric Sci 28(2):279–228Google Scholar
  55. Meena VL, Bhargwa MC (2001) Correlation coefficient of aphid and predator population: meteorological factors on different fenugreek varieties. Insect Environ 7(2):79–80Google Scholar
  56. Meena PC, Sharma JK, Noor A (2002) Varietal reaction of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) and impact of date of sowing on incidence of aphid (Hyadaphis coriander Das). Ind J Entomol 64(1):58–62Google Scholar
  57. Meena PC, Sharma JK, Noor A (2003) Evaluation of some chemical and botanical insecticides against coriander aphids, Hyadaphis coriandri (Das). Ann Biol 19(1):95–97Google Scholar
  58. Mittal VP, Butani PG (1989a) Evaluation of some insecticides against coriander aphids (Hyadaphis coriandri Das). Abstracts first National Seminar on seed spices, Jaipur, 24–25 October 1989, pp 41–42Google Scholar
  59. Mittal VP, Butani PG (1989b) Efficacy of some insecticides against aphid attacking fennel (Foeniculum vulgare mill). Abstracts first National Seminar on seed spices, Jaipur, 24–25 October 1989, pp 41Google Scholar
  60. Mittal VP, Butani PG (1994) Pests of seed spices. In: Chadha KL, Rothinan P (eds) Advances in horticulture volume-10 plantation and spice crop part-2. Malhotra Publishing House, New Delhi, pp 825–855Google Scholar
  61. Mittal VP, Butani PG (1995) Chemical control of seed midge (Systole albipennis walker) infesting stored fennel. Gujart Agric Univ Res J 20(1):189–192Google Scholar
  62. Nagalingam B, Rao BN, Rosaiah B, Narasimha RB (1979) First record of spodoptera litura Fabricius on certain minor spices. Current Research 8(0):171–172Google Scholar
  63. Nagalingam B, Rao B, Narasimha Rosaish B, Krishnamurthy BH, Laxminarayana K, Narasimha RB (1984) Effect of some recent insecticides on Spodoptera Litura Fabricius on coriander. Pesticide 18(6):24–25Google Scholar
  64. Nagy F, Szalay Marzso L (1976) New pests (Systole albipennis and S. coriandri) damaging angelica, lovoge and coriander crop in Hungary. Herb Hungarica 15(3):71–78Google Scholar
  65. Nitharwal M, Sharma A (2007) Physical and biochemical parameters for resistance against brown wheat mite, Petrobia lanterns in coriander. Paper presented in national seminar on production, development, quality and export of seed spices, February 2–3, 2007. NRC Seed Spices, Tabiji, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India, pp 354–356Google Scholar
  66. Pareek RK, Sharma A, Kumawat KC (2013) Seasonal abundance of insect pests and their major natural enemies in coriander, Coriandrum sativum Linn. Ind J Appl Entomol 27(1):21–26Google Scholar
  67. Pareek RK, Sharma A, Kumawat KC (2014) Feeding potential of Coccinella septempunctata L. on coriander aphid, Hyadaphis coriandri (Das). Ind J Entomol 76(1):52–54Google Scholar
  68. Patel N (2007) Management of storage pests of seed spices. Paper presented in National Seminar on production, development, quality and export of seed spices, February, 2–3, 2007. NRC Seed Spices, Tabiji, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India, pp 149–161Google Scholar
  69. Patel NR, Patel KD, Agalodiya AV, Patel PK (2007) Testing of bioefficacy and phytotoxic effect of thiamethoxam 25 WG against cumin aphid (Aphid gossipi, L.). Paper presented in National Seminar on production, development, quality and export of seed spices, February 2–3, 2007. NRC Seed Spices, Tabiji, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India, pp 326–337Google Scholar
  70. Patel NR, Jaiman RK, Prajapati BG (2013) Bioefficacy of tolfenpyrad 15 EC against sucking pests of cumin. Ind J Appl Entomol 27(1):5–11Google Scholar
  71. Pawar DB, Warade SD, Joshi VR, Patel SK (2001) Reaction of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) entries against aphid (Aphis craccivora koch) (Aphididae: Homoptera). Insect Environ 6(4):164–165Google Scholar
  72. Ramalho FS, Fernandes FS, Nascimento ARB, Junior JL, Malaquias JB, Silva CAD (2012) Assessment of fennel aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and their predators in fennel intercropped with cotton with colored fibers. J Econ Entomol 105(1):113–119CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Rao DM, Ahmed K, Rao TSR (1983) Relative efficacy of different insecticides on the control of major pests of coriander. Ind Cocoa-Arecanut Spice J 7(1):15–16Google Scholar
  74. Reddy AS, Rao GS, Rao BHKM, Laxminarayana K (1980) Insecticidal control of the red spider mite, Tetranychus telarius L on coriander. Ind Cocoa-Arecanut Spice J 4(1):9–11Google Scholar
  75. Rees PD (1995) Coleoptera. In: Subramanyam B, Hagstrum DW (eds) Integrated management of insects in stored products. Markel Dekker Inc, New York, pp 1–39Google Scholar
  76. Sachan SK, Singh CV, Singh H (2010) Efficacy of botanicals and chemical insecticides against coriander aphid, hyadophis (bravicoryne coriandri). Prog Agrlc 10(2):389–390Google Scholar
  77. Sagar P (1987) Efficacy of some insecticide against thrips, Thrips flavus Schrank, a pest of fennel in the Punjab. Int Pest Control 29(6):130Google Scholar
  78. Sagar P (1989) Population dynamics of thrips, Thrips flavus schr. A Pest of Fennel in Punjab. Ind Perfumer 33(4):266–267Google Scholar
  79. Sagar P, Mehta SK (1991) Population build-up patterns of thrips, Thrips flavus schr. on fennel and dill crop of Ludhiana. J Res P.A.U 28(2):219–221Google Scholar
  80. Santos JHR-D, Pinho JH, Mendes SP, Alves JMA, Pinheiro JN, dos -Santos- JHR (1997) Niveis populacionais de pulgoes e agromizideos em coentro em Fortaleza, ceara. Caatinga 10(1–2):23–25Google Scholar
  81. Selvaraj K, Kaushik HD (2014) Greenhouse evaluation of Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin against Aphis craccivora (Das) on Fenugreek. J Appl Nat Sci 6(2):852–856CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Semeada AM, Ismail I, Abdel Salem SA Siman JC (2004) Host range and population density of Aphid fabae scop. In Sinai governorates. In aphids in a new millennium. Proceeding of six international symposium on aphids September 2001. Institute National de la research Agronomigue, Paris. pp 171–175Google Scholar
  83. Sharma BD (1976) Occurrence of Gibbium psylloides Czenp in stored foods in Jammu and Kashmir state. India J Entomol 36:365Google Scholar
  84. Sharma KL, Kumawat KC, Yadav SR (2007) Relative bioefficacy of different insecticide against aphids Myzus persicae Sulzer on cumin. Paper presented in National Seminar on production, development, quality and export of seed spices. February 2–3, 2007. NRC Seed Spices, Tabiji, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India, pp 336–341Google Scholar
  85. Sharma YK, Kant K, Mehta RS (2015) Evaluation of plant protection schedules for the management of major diseases and pests of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) Int J Seed Spices 5(1):84–91Google Scholar
  86. Singh MP (2007) Integrated pest management (IPM) in seed spice. Paper presented in National Seminar on production, development, quality and export of seed spices. February 2–3, 2007. NRC Seed Spices, Tabiji, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India, pp 139–148Google Scholar
  87. Singh J, Tamilselvan M (2004a) Integrated pest management (IPM) package for cumin. Ind Cocoa Arecanut Spice J 6(2):67–69Google Scholar
  88. Singh J, Tamilselvan M (2004b) Integrated pest management (IPM) package for fennel. Ind Cocoa, Arecanut Spice J 6(s):89–92Google Scholar
  89. Singh TVK, Singh KM, Singh RN (1991) Host range of groundnut Jassid, Empoasca kerri pruthi. Ind J Entomol 53(1):1–17Google Scholar
  90. Subramanyam B, Hagstrum DW (eds) (1995) Integrated management of insect in stored products. Marcel Dekker Inc, New York, p 426Google Scholar
  91. Tomar SPS, Tomar R, Tomar SS (2004) Screening of coriander cultivars against aphid infestation. Paper presented in national seminar on opportunities and potentials of spice for crop diversification. Deptt. vegetable Science and Floriculture JNKVV, Jabalpur. January 19–21, 2004, pp 101–102Google Scholar
  92. Verma BR (1991) Vacuum fumigation schedule for seed inhabiting chalcidoids. J Entomol Res 15(4):229–232Google Scholar
  93. Verma R, Jaiswal RK (2004) Relative susceptibility of coriander germplasm to the aphid. Paper presented in national seminar on opportunities and potentials of spice for crop diversification Department vegetable Science and Floriculture JNKVV Jabalpur Jan 19–21, 2004, pp 99Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Krishna Kant
    • 1
  • Siya Ram Meena
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR: National Research Centre on Seed SpicesAjmerIndia

Personalised recommendations