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Pests of Indian Tea Plantations

  • Ananda Mukhopadhyay
  • Soma Das
  • Kumar Basnet
Chapter

Abstract

Tea with its great popularity as beverage has drawn the attention of agronomists, plant protectionists, and management experts for its sustainable growth in future and as a drink that is safe for young and old alike. India is the second largest producer of tea and fourth in foreign export. Insect and mite pests (arthropods) are the most destructive, resulting in 5%–55% crop loss. These pests mainly include (1) protoplast-feeding mites; (2) sap suckers of leaf and stem tissues, viz., tea mosquito bug, green flies, thrips, and mealy bugs; (3) nibblers and defoliators, viz., loopers, red slug, leaf roller, flush worm, and tea tortrix; (4) stem borers, viz., shot-hole borer and red borer; and (5) collar and root feeders, viz., termites and white grubs. Information on diagnostic characters and spatial and temporal distribution of these pests with nature of injury caused by them to tea crop have been documented along with their conventional and bio-organic management plans.

Keywords

Tea Tea pests IPM Pesticide Tolerance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the University Grants Commission (New Delhi), National Tea Research Foundation (Kolkata) and Department of Science and Technology (New Delhi) for providing funds to carry out research programmes related to the present discourse. Gratitude is also extended to the Head of the Department of Zoology, University of North Bengal, for providing laboratory facilities set up by DST-FIST and UGC-SAP funding and other helps as and when needed. Thanks are due to the eminent scientists (Drs) N. Muraleedharan; S. Roy of TRA, Jorhat, Assam; B. Radhakrishnan of UPASI, Valparai, TN; and V. V. Ramamurthy of IARI, New Delhi, for providing literature, which were of great help in writing the present article. Thanks are also extended to the managers of various tea gardens for their cooperation during sampling. We are thankful to our co-workers in tea entomology, specially Mr. Ritesh Biswa for Fig. 20.19; Ms. Anjali Km. Prasad for Figs. 20.10c, 20.12 and 20.13; and Ms. Jayashree Saren for Fig. 20.1a.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ananda Mukhopadhyay
    • 1
  • Soma Das
    • 1
  • Kumar Basnet
    • 1
  1. 1.Entomology Research Unit, Department of ZoologyUniversity of North BengalDarjeelingIndia

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