Phycotechnological Approaches Toward Wastewater Management
Phycoremediation technology is a cost-effective and environment-friendly approach, which involves use of microalgae to suck the pollutant present in the soil and water. The accumulation of inorganic and organic pollutants like pesticides, herbicides, insecticide, PCBs, DDT, and metals along with metalloids (Cd, Pb, Se, As) in the aquatic ecosystem can cause deleterious impacts on environment and organisms. Natural and intensive anthropogenic activities are the main factor responsible for the accumulation of these pollutants in plants and animals. These serious problems of pollution can be resolved by the application of phycoremediation technologies using microalgae to remove pollutants from the environment in a sustainable manner. The present chapter focuses on the different techniques used in remediation of pollutants and the mechanism of remediation adopted by micro- and macroalgal species to absorb the organic and inorganic pollutants from wastewater and soil.
KeywordsPhycoremediation Microalgae Wastewater Pollutant
Authors are thankful to Vice-chancellor, BBA University, Lucknow, for providing facilities. Dr. AKU is also thankful to the Science and Engineering Recruitment Board, New Delhi (Project No. PDF/2016/002432/LS) for providing financial support.
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