Conventional Methods for the Removal of Industrial Pollutants, Their Merits and Demerits

  • Sandhya Mishra
  • Pankaj Chowdhary
  • Ram Naresh Bharagava


Release of unprocessed and incompletely treated industrial wastes signifies a severe environmental threat regarding anthropological and ecological health concerns. An appropriate treatment approach that may be fruitful for waste management in a cost-effective and eco-friendly manner is becoming more important and a critical issue all over the world. There are various conventional, emerging, advanced, and biological treatment methodologies available that are suitable for wastewater remediation. In recent years, researchers have made notable achievements by means of conventional, biotechnological applications for the treatment and degradation of hazardous pollutants and noxious organic and inorganic combinations. Moreover, promising outcomes were achieved by these conventional treatment technologies, but they also have some drawbacks. Therefore, this chapter delivers an impression of the usage, advantages, and shortcomings of current technologies available for the effective management of waste products generated by industrial activities and their economically feasible alternatives.


Environmental pollutants Industrial wastewater Conventional treatment technologies 



The authors are extremely grateful to the University Grant Commission (UGC), Government of India, New Delhi for providing fellowship.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandhya Mishra
    • 1
  • Pankaj Chowdhary
    • 1
  • Ram Naresh Bharagava
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Bioremediation and Metagenomics Research (LBMR), Department of Environmental MicrobiologyBabasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (A Central University)LucknowIndia

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