Encouraging the Development of Engineering Habits of Mind in Prekindergarten Learners
- 577 Downloads
Experiences in early childhood set the foundation for lifelong learning. Given the integrative and applied nature of engineering and children’s natural curiosity, we suggest that prekindergarten classrooms are well suited for providing opportunities to promote the development of engineering habits of mind (EHM). Developmental theories suggest that children learn best through hands-on experiences that enable them to explore and discover concepts themselves and that others in the child’s environment can serve as active partners in exploration. Recognizing the emphasis on integrated curriculum in early childhood and the competing demands for time in preschool classrooms, we identify the EHM as an appropriate early engineering emphasis that can be embedded in everyday classroom moments. To this end, this chapter begins by pointing out connections among science, math, and engineering for early learners, highlights theories that inform our work with engineering in prekindergarten classrooms, discusses EHM in prekindergarten learners, briefly presents a pilot study of observing EHM in prekindergarten classrooms, and ends by drawing overarching conclusions and suggesting future directions for incorporating EHM into prekindergarten classrooms.
- Bagiati, A., & Evangelou, D. (2011). Starting young: Learning outcomes of a developmentally appropriate PreK engineering curriculum. Proceedings of the Research in Engineering Education Symposium. Madrid, Spain: Universidad Politecnica de Madres.Google Scholar
- Bairaktarova, D., Evangelou, D., Bagiati, A., & Dobbs-Oates, J. (2012). The Role of Classroom Artifacts in Developmental Engineering. Proceedings of the American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference. San Antonio, Texas: ASEE.Google Scholar
- Berry, A., & DeRosa, D. (2015). K-12 teachers as curriculum designers in engineering professional development. Paper presented at the American Society for Engineering Education National Conference, Seattle, WA.Google Scholar
- Besser, D., & Monson, D. (2014). Engineering in the K-12 classroom. Paper presented at the American Society for Engineering Education National Conference, Indianapolis, IN.Google Scholar
- Bottomley, L. & Parry, E A. (2013). Defining engineering in K-12 in North Carolina. Paper presented at the American Society for Engineering Education National Conference, Atlanta, GA.Google Scholar
- Brenneman, K., Stevenson-Boyd, J., & Frede, E. C. (2009). Math and science in preschool: Policies and practice. Preschool Policy Brief, 19. New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research.Google Scholar
- Chiu, J. L. & Linn, M. C. (2011). Knowledge integration and wise engineering. Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research (J-PEER), 1(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.7771/2157-9288.1026.
- Colozzi, G. A., Ward, L. W., & Crotty, K. E. (2008). Comparison of simultaneous prompting procedure in 1:1 and small group instruction to teach play skills to preschool students with pervasive developmental disorder and developmental disabilities. Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 43, 226–248.Google Scholar
- DeJaegher, C. J., Chiu, J. L., Burghardt, M. D., Hecht, D., Malcolm, P. T. & Pan, E. (2012). Learning common core math concepts with WISEngineering. Paper presented at the American Society for Engineering Education National Conference, San Antonio, TX.Google Scholar
- Dewey, J. (1997). Experience and Education. New York: Touchstone.Google Scholar
- Early Childhood Iowa (2012). Iowa Early Learning Standards. Retrieved from http://www.state.ia.us/earlychildhood/files/ECI_SITE_FILES/IAearlylearningstandards.pdf.
- Glancy, A. W., Moore, T. J., Guzey, S. S., Mathis, C. A., Tank, K. M., & Siverling, E. A. (2014). Examination of integrated STEM curricula as a means toward quality K-12 engineering education. Paper presented at the American Society for Engineering Education National Conference, Indianapolis, IN.Google Scholar
- Hess, J. L., Sprowl, J. E., Pan, R., Dyehouse, M., Wachter, C. A., & Strobel, J. (2012). Empathy and caring as conceptualized inside and outside of engineering: Extensive literature review and faculty focus group analyses. Paper presented at the American Society for Engineering Education National Conference, San Antonio, TX.Google Scholar
- Hintze, J. M., Volpe, R. J., & Shapiro, E. S. (2002). Best practices in the systematic direct observation of student behavior. Best Practices in School Psychology, 4, 993–1006.Google Scholar
- Hobson Foster, C., Husman, J., & Mendoza, C. (2013). Engineering Solar Energy in the Fourth Grade Science Classroom. Paper presented at the American Society for Engineering Education National Conference, Atlanta, GA.Google Scholar
- Katehi, L., Pearson, G. & Feder, M. (2009). The status and nature of K-12 engineering education in the United States, The Bridge: Linking Engineering and Society, 39(3), 5–10. https://www.nae.edu/Publications/Bridge/16145/16161.aspx.
- Loveland & Dunn. (2014, March). Engineering Habits of Mind in Technology Education. Paper presented at the annual conference of the International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.Google Scholar
- Lucas, C. G., Bridgers, S., Griffiths, T. L., & Gopnik, A. (2014). When children are better (or at least more open-minded) learners than adults: Developmental differences in learning the forms of causal relationships. Cognition, 131, 284–299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2013.12.010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- McCabe, M. P. (1991). Influence of creativity and intelligence on academic performance. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 25, 116–122. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2162-6057.1991.tb01361.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Moore, T. J., Glancy, A. W., Tank, K. M., Kersten, J. A., Stohlman, M. S., Ntow, F. D., & Smith, K. A. (2013a). A framework for implementing quality K-12 engineering education. Paper presented at the American Society for Engineering Education National Conference, Atlanta, GA.Google Scholar
- Moore, T. J., Tank, K. M., Glancy, A. W., Kersten, J. A., & Ntow, F. D. (2013b). The status of engineering in the current K-12 state science standards. Paper presented at the American Society for Engineering Education National Conference, Atlanta, GA.Google Scholar
- National Academy of Engineering and National Research Council (NAE and NRC). (2009). Engineering in K-12 Education: Understanding the Status and Improving the Prospects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.Google Scholar
- Newman, B., & Newman, P. (2009). Development through life: A psychosocial approach. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.Google Scholar
- Pawlina, S., & Stanford, C. (2011). Preschoolers Grow Their Brains: Shifting Mindsets for Greater Resiliency and Better Problem Solving. Young Children, 66(5), 30–35.Google Scholar
- P21: Partnership for 21st Century Learning. (2016, February 15). http://www.p21.org/index.php.
- Piaget, J., Cook, M. (trans). (1954). The Construction of Reality in the Child. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Pianta, R. C., La Paro, K. M., & Hamre, B. K. (2008). Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) Manual, Pre-K. Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing.Google Scholar
- Rehmann, C. R., Rover, D. T., Laingen, M., Mickelson, S. K. & Brumm, T. J. (2011). Introducing systems thinking to the engineer of 2020. Paper presented at the American Society for Engineering Education Conference in Vancouver, British Columbia.Google Scholar
- Tank, K. M., Moore, T. J., Babjide, B., & Rynearson, A. M. (2015). Evidence of students’ engineering learning in an elementary classroom. Paper presented at the American Society for Engineering Education National Conference, Seattle, WA.Google Scholar
- Verdine, B. N., Golinkoff, R. M., Hirsh-Pasek, K., Newcombe, N. S., Filipowicz, A. T., & Chang, A. (2014). Deconstructing building blocks: Preschoolers’ spatial assembly performance relates to early mathematical skills. Child Development, 85(3), 1062–1076. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Virani, S., Burnham, I. B., Gonzalez, V., Barua, M., Fredericksen, E., & Andrade, S. J. (2011). Work in progress: Designing an innovative curriculum for engineering in high school. Paper presented at the American Society for Engineering Education National Conference, Vancouver, BC.Google Scholar
- Vygotsky, L. (1997). Interaction between learning and development. Mind and Society, pp.79-91. In M. Gauvain & M. Cole (Eds.) Reading on the Development of Children (pp.29-35). New York: W.H. Freeman and Company. (Original work published 1978).Google Scholar