Acceleration of Microbial Dehalorespiration with Electrical Stimulation

  • Fan Chen
  • Zhi-Ling Li
  • Ai-Jie Wang


Halogenated organic compounds (HOCs) represent a type of persistent and ubiquitous contaminants. Microbial reductive dehalogenation in bioelectrochemical systems (BES) with organohalide-respiring bacteria (OHRB) has been recognized as a promising alternative and gained extensive attention in recent years. In this chapter, the enhanced microbial dehalogenation of HOCs by electrochemical stimulation from capacities to extracellular electron transfer (EET)-related molecular and genetic mechanism is summarized. The comprehensive overview of OHRB, dehalorespiring electrode-utilizing microorganisms, biocathode performance, and EET-related molecular mechanisms involved in microbial dehalogenation of HOCs is expected to be helpful for the in situ enhanced bioremediation of HOCs. This chapter also highlights the challenges and outlook of HOCs-dehalogenating biocathodes from mechanism and application perspectives.


Halogenated organic compounds (HOCs) Organohalide-respiring bacteria (OHRB) Bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) Biocathode Extracellular electron transfer (EET) 



This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31400104), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2014M550196), Special Financial Grant from China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2015T80359), Postdoctoral Science Foundation supported by Heilongjiang province of China (LBH-Z14087), and Open Project of State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment of Harbin Institute of Technology (No. 2016DX03).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fan Chen
    • 1
  • Zhi-Ling Li
    • 1
  • Ai-Jie Wang
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and EnvironmentHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Environmental Biotechnology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental SciencesChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, School of EnvironmentHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina

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