Smartphone with Solar Charging Mechanism to Issue Alert During Rainfall Disaster

  • Neeraj KumarEmail author
  • Alka Agrawal
  • Raees Ahmad Khan
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 799)


Rainfall-induced disaster is long duration disasters that have a probability of power failure that makes disaster worst due to lack of communication. Flash Flood, long duration flood, and landslides are few examples of them. In this case, Communication between victims is a challenging job. This paper presents an idea to overcome these kinds of situations. Different tools have been developed Alert about disaster including in flood disaster but during the flood, power failure makes these impossible to work for a long duration while flood is long duration disaster. This paper introducing an Alert Network designed by different technologies including WSN, MANET, and IoT. This architecture will be able to communicate in absence of any fixed infrastructure as well as it will be able to communicate through the social media if available. For supporting the architecture, the use of the screen with a solar cell as well as OLED with a screen to enhance the battery life of a Smartphone is discussed.


Disaster management Ad-hoc networks Disaster management network Disaster monitoring system Alert system 


  1. 1.
    Fajardo, J.T.B., Oppus, C.M.: A mobile disaster management system using the android technology. Int. J. Commun. 3(3) (2009)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tomaszewski, B.: Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Disaster Management. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boco RatonGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Capata, A., Marrella, A., Russo, R., Bortenschlager, M., Rieser, H.: A geo-based application for the management of mobile actors during crisis situations. In: A Geo-based Application for Mobile Actors Management, Proceedings of the 5th International ISCRAM Conference, Washington, DC, USA, May 2008Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kondekar, N., Gupta, A.K., Bhat, N.: Project report on solar charger circuit using IC LM 317. Centre for Nano Science and Engineering IISCGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hazarika, N.: Flood report. Assam state Disaster management authority, Govt. of Assam, 30 July 2016Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mavalankar, D., Shrivastava, A.K.: Lesson from massive floods of 2006 in Surat city: a framework for application of MS/OR techniques to improve dam management to preven flood. In: Research and Publication, Third National Conference on Management Science and Prectices, IIM Ahmedabad, India (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ganapathy, G.P., Hada, C.L.: Landslide hazard mitigation in the Nilgiris district, India- environmental and societal issues. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev. 3(5), 497–500 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Siegel, C., Fortin, D., Pellerin, E.: Bringing geospatial expertise to emergency operations management with geoconferencing. In: Proceedings of the 98th Conference of the Canadian Institute of Geomatics, Ottawa, Canada (2005)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    ESRI: ArcGIS 9, ArcPad Reference Guide, USA (2005)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Savage, N.: Solar cells in Smartphone screens: Researchers advance thin film energy harvesters”, IEEE Spectrum, 18 January 2012.
  11. 11.
    Jang, H.-C., Lien, Y.-N., Tsai, T.-C.: Rescue information system for earthquake disasters based on MANET emergency communication platform. In: Proceedings of International Workshop on Advanced Topics in Mobile Computing for Emergency Management: Communication and Computing Platforms (MCEM 2009), Leipzig, Germany, June 2009Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nad, C.: Landslide hazard management of Darjeeling hill- acritical need for inhabited. Int. J. Humanit. Soc. Sci. Invent. 4(3), 48–60 (2015)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Al-Akkad, A., Raffelsberger, C., Boden, A., Ramirez, L., Zimmermann, A.: Tweeting ‘when online is off’? opportunistically creating mobile Ad-hoc networks in response to disrupted infrastructure. In: Proceedings of the 11th International ISCRAM Conference, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA, May 2014, pp. 662–672 (2014)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shaikh, A.F., Gunjal, P.K., Chaple, N.V.: Report on landslide in Malin village in Pune. Int. J. Eng. Sci. Technol. 4(4), 111–113 (2015)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Faulkner, M., Clayton, R., Heaton, T., Chandy, K.M., Kohler, M., Bunn, J., Guy, R., Liu, A., Olson, M., Cheng, M., Krause, A.: The caltech CSN project collects sensor data from thousands of personal devices for realtime response to dangerous earthquakes. CSN project (2014)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gow, J.A., Manning, C.D.: Development of a photovoltaic array model for use in power-electronics simulation studies. IEEE Proc. Electr. Power App. 146(2), 193–200 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sphere India: J&K floods: Flood affected districts, Jammu & Kashmir, India (28 September 2014), pp. 1–17, 29th September 2014Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    NIDM: Proceedings of the National Workshop on Uttarakhand Disaster 2013: Lessons Learnt, National workshop on Uttarakhand Disaster 2013: Lessons Learnt, p. 3, 19 Aug 2013Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Disaster management in India: GoI-UNDP Disaster Risk Reduction Programme (2009–2012)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24.
  25. 25.
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DIT, SISTBBAULucknowIndia

Personalised recommendations