Floods, Ecology and Cultural Adaptation in Lakhimpur District, Assam

  • Ngamjahao Kipgen
  • Dhiraj Pegu


Recurrent floods, erosion and siltation on their agricultural land have affected the lives and livelihoods of the communities inhabiting the Brahmaputra floodplains in Assam State. The study identifies and analysed the determinants of the problems and captures the vulnerability of the locals that is the occurrence of floods, adaption capacity and adaption mechanism, and sources of livelihood of the Mising community in Lakhimpur district, Assam. The study discusses the adaptive mechanisms and the changing cultural trends of the Mising community as a result of changing landscape in the region. For instance, through this study it was found that most of the people affected by the flood have been resettled and relocated over six to seven times from their original location. Since, they do not have any land holdings for agricultural activities which were their primary occupation, now they are forced to other occupations putting them in a more vulnerable situation. This empirical study was conducted in Matmora and Laiphulia villages during November 2014 to April 2015.


  1. Andrew, S. (2003). Neo-Environmental Determinism, Intellectual Damage Control, and Nature/Society Science. Antipode, 35(5), 813–817.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, B. C. (1901). Census of India, Vol. IV: Assam.Google Scholar
  3. Allen, B. C. (1905). Assam district Gazetteer, Vol. III. Calcutta.Google Scholar
  4. Census of India. (2001). Directorate of Census Operation. Assam.Google Scholar
  5. Das, P., Chutiya, D., & Hazarika, N. (2009). Adjusting to floods on the Brahmaputra plains, Assam, India. Guwahati: ICIMOD.Google Scholar
  6. Doley, D. (2012). Role and status of women in Mising society. In J. J. Kuli (Ed.), The Misings: Their history and culture (pp. 91–97). Dibrugarh: Kaustubh Prakashan.Google Scholar
  7. Herskovits, M. J. (1956). Man and his work: The science of cultural anthropology. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.Google Scholar
  8. Kuli, J. J. (2012). The Misings, their history and culture. Dibrugarh: Kaustubh Prakashan.Google Scholar
  9. Pegu, L. N. (2012). Agrarian economic system of the Misings: Past and present. In J. J. Kuli (Ed.), The Misings, their history and culture (pp. 198–203). Dibrugarh: Kaustubh Prakashan.Google Scholar
  10. Piddington, R. (1950). An introduction to social anthropology. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd.Google Scholar
  11. Sahlins, M. (1976). Culture and practical reason. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  12. SANDRP. (2014). ‘Matmora (Assam) Geo-tube embankment on Brahmaputra: State glorifies, but no end to peoples’ Sufferings after three years of construction’, May 6, 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2015, from
  13. Steward, J. (1955). Theory of cultural change: The methodology of multilinear evolution. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  14. Stutton, M. Q., & Anderson, E. N. (2010). Introduction to cultural ecology. Maryland, USA: Altamira Press, A Division of Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.Google Scholar
  15. White, L. A. (1949). The Science of Culture, a Study of Man and Civilization. New York: Grove Press.Google Scholar
  16. Woodbury, A. M. (1954). Principles of general ecology. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ngamjahao Kipgen
    • 1
  • Dhiraj Pegu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Humanities and Social SciencesIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiKamrupIndia

Personalised recommendations