India: Bio-climatism in Vernacular Architecture
Human beings have a natural instinct for bio-climatic home building. Vernacular architecture potentially leverages on this ability while responding to the sociocultural and economic needs of a population. India is a peninsula with a long coastline. A predominantly warm country, India has about 80% of the land under composite and warm-humid climates. This chapter navigates through the bio-climatic vernacular architecture of various climatic zones of India, emphasizing the warm-humid zones. It also provides examples that imbibed the bio-climatic spirit in creating a modern vernacular.
KeywordsIndian architecture Tropical climates Hot-dry climate Bio-climatic design Warm-humid climate Climate appropriate Sustainability
Swarna and Murali Chanduri of Claremont, CA, USA provided the funds used for the Marikal studies through a personal grant organized via Telugu Association of Los Angeles (TELSA), USA. Nidhi Kotak Doshi, Ravi Kumar, Reema Ghosh, and Ritu Ahal from India have generously supplied some of the images. I thank all of them.
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