Thermal Function of Internal Courtyards in Traditional Chinese Shophouses in Malaysia

  • Mohd Azuan Zakaria
  • Tetsu KubotaEmail author
  • Doris Hooi Chyee Toe


This study aims to identify the thermal functions of internal courtyards in traditional Chinese shophouses (CSHs) located in the hot-humid climate of Malaysia with the aim of providing useful passive cooling strategies for modern urban houses. This chapter investigates the detailed thermal environments of the selected two traditional CSHs with different courtyard types to discuss the thermal function of the courtyards. As a result, it was suggested that closed, cross-ventilated courtyards be embedded to achieve indoor thermal comfort and avoid excessive humidity in hot-humid climates. Meanwhile, it was also recommended that a staggered form of courtyard with V-shaped roofs should be designed as a nocturnal cooling source.


Thermal comfort Courtyard Vernacular architecture Passive cooling Natural ventilation Hot-humid climate 



This research was supported by LIXIL Foundation and Nichias Corporation. The field measurements were conducted by the students of Hiroshima University in collaboration with Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Particularly, we would like to express our sincere gratitude to Mr. Seiji Abe.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohd Azuan Zakaria
    • 1
  • Tetsu Kubota
    • 2
    Email author
  • Doris Hooi Chyee Toe
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversiti Tun Hussein Onn MalaysiaBatu PahatMalaysia
  2. 2.Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation (IDEC)Hiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan
  3. 3.Faculty of Built EnvironmentUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaSkudai, JohorMalaysia

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