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Household Energy Consumption in Slum Areas: A Case Study of Tacloban City, Philippines

  • Eric Casimero Oliva
  • Tetsu KubotaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter presents the results of a survey on household energy consumption in existing slum settlements and the resettlement site in the city of Tacloban, Philippines. The results showed that the household income level in the resettlement site was surprisingly not improved compared to that of the existing slums. It was found that both groups shared almost similar household energy consumption pattern and their annual energy consumption was approximately 19–20 GJ including out-of-home energy consumption. Among all the uses, cooking consumed the highest energy, corresponding to 71% in the existing slums and 74% in the resettlement site. Further results revealed that the households in the resettlement site became more of biomass users (wood fuel) as compared to those in the existing slums.

Keywords

Household energy consumption Urban slum Developing countries Philippines 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to extend our special thanks to Ms. Doris Secreto of the National Housing Authority (NHA) in Tacloban City for her unsurpassed assistance in doing the legwork at the site while the authors were still in Japan and also to Ms. Rochie of NHA-Main Office for her assistance in gathering data and related information concerning the resettlement projects in the Philippines. After this survey was conducted, Tacloban City was critically devastated by the typhoon, Yolanda, in 2013, causing the deaths of more than six thousands. We sincerely extend our heartfelt condolence for the loss of people in the city.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Housing Authority, Regional Office No. 8TaclobanPhilippines
  2. 2.Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation (IDEC)Hiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan

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