• Yu Guo WengEmail author
  • Bin Qiao
  • Zhong Min Liu


Postoperative complications and the treatment are covered in this chapter. We also respectively summary the operative effects with respect to relevant surgery.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House Co. Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.German Heart Center (Berlin)BerlinGermany
  2. 2.Cardiovascular InstituteGeneral Hospital of Jinan Military RegionJinanChina
  3. 3.Shanghai Dongfang HospitalTongji UniversityShanghaiChina

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