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Induction of Anatomical, Enzymatic, and Molecular Events in Maize by PGPR Under Biotic Stress

  • Yachana Jha
Chapter

Abstract

The rhizospheric Bacillus megaterium and endophytic Pseudomonas aeruginosa are isolated from rhizosphere soil and root of Suaeda nudiflora wild mosque plant, respectively, and have been inoculated in maize plant. The association of these isolates within maize root has been ensured by 2,3,5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining of root sections. The study has been conducted to analyse the effect of these bacteria alone or in combination on maize for the induction of defense related enzymes like phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) and β-1, 1, 3-glucanase in the presence of pathogen Aspergillus niger. These isolates are also analyzed for its influence on the plant cell wall component as lignin, lignin monomers, and xylem. The results show that these isolates not only induce cell wall component but also enhance defense-related enzymes but do not have any effect on xylem-like tissue. The isolates also cause differential induction of defense-related gene in infected maize plants during RNA profiling. On the basis of all above results, it indicates that the ecofriendly PGPR can serve as a simple and cheap tool for combating infection in crops as well as for increasing productivity by its growth-promoting ability.

Keywords

PGPR Phenylalanine ammonia lyase β-1 3-Glucanase Lignin Lignin monomers RNA profiling Differential gene induction 

Notes

Acknowledgment

Our special thanks to the principal of Natubhai V. Patel College of Pure and Applied Sciences for his kind support and providing me the resources and infrastructure for this manuscript.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yachana Jha
    • 1
  1. 1.N. V. Patel College of Pure and Applied SciencesS. P. UniversityV V Nagar, AnandIndia

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