Cultivation and Bioprospecting of Medicinal Plants

  • Kewalanand
  • Brajkishor Prajapati
Chapter

Abstract

Medicinal plants are becoming important as bio-energy crops, the renewal of industrial feed stock, and bio-remedial sectors of the market, and are benefiting from technological advances that were originally developed for the food chain. The cultivation of medicinal plants deserves top priority for sustaining rural communities and supplying healthy products. The major challenge in the cultivation of medicinal plants after their domestication is the lack of synergy between producers, herbalists, and industry. About 25% of modern medicines are based on the phytochemicals obtained from plants used widely in traditional medicines. Several synthetic analogues have been built on phytochemical compounds isolated from medicinal plants. The use of natural products derived from plants has been on the increase, as is evident from the increased popularity and acceptance of plant-derived health care as well as cosmetics/perfumery products, even though the cost is of these natural products is high. This dual role of medicinal plants as a source of income and in healthcare makes the production of medicinal plants ever-demanding. The production and supply of medicinal/nutraceutical/perfumery herbs is becoming a booming agro-business. Recent observations worldwide indicate that developed countries are also including these plants in their healthcare systems. India has natural plant resources in abundance because of the clear climate variations throughout the year. In India the wealth gained from medicinal plants and products is about 50% higher than that for flowering plant species. Medicinal plant-based industries have great potential for the economic development of India. The oldest literature of the Vedic period is the basis of modern pharmaceutical practice, which uses various traditional medicinal plants. Considering the global and national use of and demand for medicinal plants, the cultivation and bio-prospecting of these plants has great future promise.

References

  1. Agarwal P, Alok S, Fatima A, Verma A (2013) Current scenario of herbal technology worldwide: an overview. Int J Pharm Sci Res 4:4105–4117Google Scholar
  2. Balz JP, Courtois D, Drieu J, Drieu K, Reynoird JP, Sohier C, Teng BP, Touche A, Petiard V (1999) Production of ginkgolides and bilobalide by Ginkgo biloba plants and tissue cultures. Planta Med 65:620–626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bousquet J, Bousquet PJ, Godard P, Daures JP (2005) The public health implications of asthma. Bull World Health Organ 83:548–554PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Canter PH, Thomas H, Ernst E (2005) Bringing medicinal plants into cultivation: opportunities and challenges for biotechnology. Trends Biotechnol 23:180–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen DH, Liu CJ, Ye HC, Li GF, Liu BY (1999) Ri-mediated transformation of Artemisia annua with a recombinant farnesyl diphosphate synthase gene for artemisinin production. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 57:157–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen DH, Ye HC, Li GF (2000) Expression of a chimeric farnesyl diphosphate synthase gene in Artemisia annua L. transgenic plants via Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. Plant Sci 155:179–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Choi YE, Jeong JH, In JK, Yang DC (2003) Production of herbicide-resistant transgenic Panax ginseng through the introduction of the phosphinothricin acetyltransferase gene and successful soil transfer. Plant Cell Rep 21:563–568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dubey T, Guerra DJ (2002) Use of biotechnology for growing medicinal plants. Recent Prog Med Plants 5:47–61Google Scholar
  9. Facchini PJ, Park SU, Bird DA, Samanani N (2001) Toward the metabolic engineering of benzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis in opium poppy and related species. Rec Res Dev Phytochem 4:31–47Google Scholar
  10. Gilmore S, Peakall R (2003) Isolation of microsatellite markers in Cannabis sativa L. (marijuana) in fibre crop varieties. Mol Ecol Notes 3:105–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Han KH, Fleming P, Walker K, Loper M, Chilton WS (1994) Genetic transformation of mature Taxus: an approach to genetically control the in vitro production of the anticancer drug, taxol. Plant Sci 95:187–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. HPPI (2017) Humana People to People India, http://www.humana-india.org/health/diabetes. Accessed on 22/02/2018
  13. Lee MH, Yoon ES, Jeong JH, Choi YE (2004) Agrobacterium rhizogenes-mediated transformation of Taraxacum platycarpum and changes of morphological characters. Plant Cell Rep 22:822–827CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Li TSC, Bedford KE, Sholberg PL (2000) Improved germination of American ginseng seeds under controlled environments. Hort Technol 10:131–135Google Scholar
  15. Miller CH, Ladd C, Palmbach T, Lee HC (2003) Forensic AFLP markers in marijuana. Croatian Med J 44:315–321Google Scholar
  16. Park SU, Chae YA, Facchini PJ (2003) Genetic transformation of the figwort, Scrophularia buergeriana Miq., an Oriental medicinal plant. Plant Cell Rep 21:1194–1198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Punja ZK, Chen WP (2003) Tissue culture of American ginseng and genetic engineering to express antifungal proteins. Acta Hortic 625:395–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Saito K, Yamazaki M, Anzai H, Yoneyama K, Murakoshi I (1992) Transgenic herbicide-resistant Atropa belladonna using an Ri binary vector and inheritance of the transgenic trait. Plant Cell Rep 11:219–224PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Sales E, Segura J, Arrillaga I (2003) Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated genetic transformation of the cardenolide-producing plant Digitalis minor L. Planta Med 69:143–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Samanani N, Park SU, Facchini PJ (2002) In vitro regeneration and genetic transformation of the berberine-producing plant, Thalictrum flavum ssp. Glaucum. Physiol Plant 116:79–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sharma H, Parihar L, Parihar P (2011) Review on cancer and anticancerous properties of some medicinal plants. J Med Plants Res 5:1818–1835Google Scholar
  22. UN-DESA (2017) World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision. https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/publications/Files/WPP2017_KeyFindings.pdf. Accessed on 20 Feb 2018
  23. Veronese P, Li X, Niu X (2001) Bioengineering mint crop improvement. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 64:133–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Vines G (2004) Herbal harvests with a future: towards sustainable sources for medicinal plants. Plant life International. www.plantlife.org.uk
  25. Wang HM, To KY (2004) Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in the high-value medicinal plant, Echinacea purpurea. Plant Sci 66:1087–1096CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. WHO (2016) The global burden of viral hepatitis: better estimates to guide hepatitis elimination efforts (http://www.who.int/mediacentre/commentaries/better-estimates-hepatitis/en/). Accessed on 22 Feb 2018
  27. WHO (2017) Diabetes, Fact sheet (http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs312/en/). Accessed on 22 Feb 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kewalanand
    • 1
  • Brajkishor Prajapati
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy, College of AgricultureG B Pant University of Agriculture and TechnologyPantnagar, U. S. NagarIndia

Personalised recommendations