Pretreatment Counseling Education and Training

  • Sivakumar Vidhyadharan


Swallowing is an intricate process that requires the coordination of many muscles and nerves to safely move the food, liquids, and secretions through the oral cavity and pharynx into the esophagus without any airway aspiration [1]. It is a complex process that requires the precise coordination of over 25 pairs of muscles in the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, and esophagus [2]. Progress in head and neck cancer (HNC) treatments has improved the locoregional control and survival rates [3].


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sivakumar Vidhyadharan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Head and Neck Surgery and OncologyAmrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwa VidyapeethamKochiIndia

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