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Beekeeping in Vietnam

  • Pham Hong Thai
  • Tran Van Toan
Chapter

Abstract

There are six honeybee (Apis laboriosa, Apis dorsata, Apis mellifera, Apis cerana, Apis andreniformis, Apis florea), eight stingless bee (Trigona laeviceps, Trigona ventralis, Trigona pagdeni, Trigona gressitti, Trigona fuscobalteata, Trigona carpenteri, Trigona scintillans, Trigona iridipennis), and two bumble bee (Bombus haemorrhoidalis, Bombus breviceps) species known in Vietnam. All of them are native to the country, with the exception of A. mellifera. Today nearly 1,500,000 A. mellifera and A. cerana honeybee hives are managed in Vietnam. These bees, along with A. dorsata, are responsible for the majority of honeybee products produced in the country. Vietnam is the second largest honey exporter in Asia, with a total of ~48,000 tons distributed internationally in 2014. Domestically, honey is also an important commodity. Furthermore, A. cerana plays an important role in poverty alleviation in mountainous and remote areas of Vietnam due to beekeeping development projects sponsored by both government and nongovernmental organizations. Major bee diseases that infect Vietnamese honeybees include Sacbrood disease (SBV), European foulbrood disease (EFB), Nosema, and parasitic mites (Tropilaelaps mercedesae and Varroa destructor). Most of these diseases can be resolved with biocontrol methods.

Keywords

Honeybee Stingless bee Bumble bee Honeybee product Honey export Beekeeping development Bee disease Conservation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Mrs. Katrina Klett (Fulbright grantee - 2015) and Dr. David Dodge (The Honey Bee Breeding, Genetics and Physiology – ARS – USDA) who have spent much time correcting English in the manuscript of this chapter. We are also grateful to Dr. Lilia De Guzman (The Honey Bee Breeding, Genetics and Physiology – ARS – USDA) for encouraging us to finish this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center for Tropical Bees and Beekeeping, Vietnam National University of AgricultureHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Faculty of Agronomy, Department of EntomologyVietnam National University of AgricultureHanoiVietnam

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