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Functional Nucleic Acid Based Biosensors for Noble Metal Ion Detection

  • Yunbo Luo
Chapter

Abstract

There are eight noble metals: gold (Au), silver (Ag) and Platinum Group Metals (PGM) including platinum (Pt), iridium (Ir), palladium (Pd), rhodium (Rh), ruthenium (Ru), and osmium (Os). Many of noble metals have excellent electrical and thermal conductivity properties. They are used for currency and jewelry throughout history, as well as aeronautics, electronic information and pharmaceutics. Human activities, such as mining, burning, and draining, bring contaminant-containing noble metal ions to our surroundings. These metal ions enter our water and food systems via the food chain, resulting in risks to human health. Thus, it is of the utmost importance to analyze metal ions in our environment. Traditional analysis methods based on precise instruments, like atomic absorption/emission and mass spectroscopy, are highly sensitive and accurate but very costly, involve complicated pretreatment, and require trained personnel. Therefore, the traditional methods are unlikely for on-site screening of large samples. To solve these problems and improve on-site detection capabilities, recognition elements for specific metal ions based on functional nucleic acids (FNAs) are receiving widespread attention owing to their high sensitivity, great selectivity, low cost, easy synthesis, smart programming, and ability to combine perfectly with various sensing components. In this chapter, different sensing methods composed of FNAs for signal recognition and sensing components for signal output are reviewed for Ag+, Au+ (Au3+) and Pt2+.

Keywords

Functional nucleic acids Noble metal ion detection Signaling methods 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yunbo Luo
    • 1
  1. 1.Food Science & Nutritional EngineeringChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingChina

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