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Xylooligosaccharides and Their Anticancer Potential: An Update

  • Praveen Kumar Gupta
  • Pushpa Agrawal
  • Prabha Hedge
  • Mohd Sayeed Akhtar
Chapter

Abstract

Xylooligosaccharides (XOS), which are sugar oligomers that consist of 2–10 units of xylose, are non-digestible food ingredients produced mainly by the hydrolysis of xylan. The production of XOS from agricultural residues serves as a good source of products for the nutraceutical and pharmaceutical industries. XOS have a characteristic prebiotic effect, promoting the growth of probiotic organisms. XOS affect various physiological functions, such as reducing cholesterol levels, maintaining gastrointestinal health, and improving immunity. XOS are also used as potential anticancer agents, mainly for breast cancer and colon cancer. In this chapter we highlight the role of XOS as prebiotics, as well as their role in the suppression of carcinoma cells.

Keywords

XOS HCT-116 cells IC50 MCF-7 MTT assay Nutraceuticals Prebiotics Xylan 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Rashtreeya Sikshana Samithi Trust (RSST) Bangalore for their kind support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyR.V. College of EngineeringBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyGandhi Faiz-e-Aam CollegeShahjahanpurIndia

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