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Greening Ravine Lands: Policy Issues and the Way Forward

  • Jagdish Chander Dagar
  • Anil Kumar Singh
Chapter

Abstract

Formation of ravines is considered the worst kind of soil erosion. The task of greening of ravines is both a challenge and an opportunity for scientific community. Research efforts across the globe have shown that the ravine lands can be managed as productive land use by adopting suitable engineering and biological techniques. In recent times, much attention is being paid towards inventions regarding gully erosion, and several research results have been published during the last two decades. Many techniques such as agroforestry-based farming systems involving highly remunerative components such as forest and fruit trees, arable crops, medicinal and aromatic crops, livestock, poultry, grasses and vegetables, along with minimum tillage, terracing and check dams, have proved to be effective for gully prevention and control. However, these techniques are rarely adopted by farmers and other stakeholders in the long run because of several bottlenecks in extension services and policy implementation. The rehabilitation of ravines is dependent and influenced by various economic policies like credit, trade, market, taxation, power, transport and above all requirement of costly engineering tools required for reclamation work. Moreover, it requires strong political will. Policy related to greening of ravines needs better state-centre coordination, participatory approach like watershed development programs and effective coordination mechanism between forest, agriculture and irrigation departments both at the national and state level for which establishment of an apex coordinating body or institutional support mechanism needs to be established. National Policy on Agroforestry is already at place, and protocols of Integrated Watershed Development Program are well documented, and ravine development mission may be a part of these programs. Soil scientists, environmentalists, agricultural scientists, policymakers and other experts including from other countries would have to work in cohesion with local people in designing effective land reclamation measures. Conservation of natural biodiversity of watersheds and ravines also needs priority.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jagdish Chander Dagar
    • 1
  • Anil Kumar Singh
    • 2
  1. 1.Indian Council of Agricultural SciencesPusaIndia
  2. 2.RVS Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, R. V. S.GwaliorIndia

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