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Bamboo-based Bioengineering Interventions for Rehabilitation of Ravines

  • B. Krishna Rao
  • V. C. Pande
  • R. S. Kurothe
  • A. K. Singh
  • A. K. Parandiyal
Chapter

Abstract

In India, the ravines are occupied by about 4 million hectares. Rehabilitation of degraded ravine lands with various kinds of vegetation is immensely important to increase forest cover and to meet the requirements of ever-increasing population in the country. Bamboo is considered to be one of the potential species suitable for ravine lands. It is one of the fastest-growing plants having extensive fibrous root system, connected rhizome system, dense foliage, and yielding sufficient amount of leaf litter. A research and development project entitled “Hydrologic and economic evaluation of bamboo plantations in gullied lands under major ravine systems (Mahi, Chambal, Yamuna) of India” was implemented during the period 2008–2015, with financial assistance by National Bamboo Mission, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India. A part of this chapter is based on the final report of the project submitted to National Bamboo Mission. Several experiments were conducted to study the effect of bamboo-based interventions for sustainable natural resource management in degraded gully lands. The high stemflow amount and funneling ratio of bamboo plants in comparison to deciduous and coniferous plants make it better rainfall absorbing and hydrologically best-suited plantation in degraded ravine lands. Annual return from the bamboo-based interventions for gully beds was worked to be ₹88,780, ₹70,000, and ₹63,910 in “bori-bund reinforced with bamboo,” “trenching,” and “bamboo live check dam” treatments, respectively, with benefit-cost ratio of 2.09, 2.05, and 1.96, respectively. It is recommended that these interventions can be implemented in degraded ravine lands.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are thankful to Dr. VN Sharda and Dr. PK Mishra former and present directors of Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, respectively, for providing valuable guidance in this study. The authors are thankful to National Bamboo Mission, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India for providing funds to this study. We are thankful to Dr. JC Dagar for his valuable input in finalizing this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Krishna Rao
    • 1
  • V. C. Pande
    • 1
  • R. S. Kurothe
    • 1
  • A. K. Singh
    • 2
  • A. K. Parandiyal
    • 2
  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil & Water Conservation Research CentreVasad, AnandIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research CentreAgraIndia

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