Agroforestry Potential for Higher Productivity from Degraded Ravine Watersheds

  • O. P. Chaturvedi
  • J. C. Dagar
  • A. K. Handa
  • Rajesh Kaushal
  • V. C. Pandey


Ravines are considered among one of the most degraded wastelands. The ravenous watersheds can be managed through agroforestry systems successfully, which in turn provide food, timber, fuelwood, biofuels, fodder, feed and medicinal and industrial non-timber products and also help in conserving and rehabilitating ecosystems. It is now widely accepted that the future of livelihood and environmental security will depend upon the attention paid to conservation, sustainable development and management of natural resources and reclamation of degraded lands including ravines. If judiciously managed, agroforestry offers affordable alternative for managing the degraded resources for higher productivity and environmental safety. The suitable agroforestry technologies of planting forest and fruit tree species along with grasses and remunerative crops can reclaim ravine watersheds and help in generating income for resource-poor farmers. Agroforestry in ravine watersheds may be considered a low-hanging fruit and not only helps in land reclamation but also ensures environmental and livelihood security of different stakeholders.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. P. Chaturvedi
    • 1
  • J. C. Dagar
    • 2
  • A. K. Handa
    • 1
  • Rajesh Kaushal
    • 3
  • V. C. Pandey
    • 4
  1. 1.ICAR-Central Agroforestry Research InstituteJhansiIndia
  2. 2.Indian Council of Agricultural SciencesPusaIndia
  3. 3.ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water ConservationDehradunIndia
  4. 4.ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research Centre VasadDehradunIndia

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