Advertisement

Disorders of the Skin Appendages

  • Lei Cao
  • Ren-Lin Shi
  • Cheng Tan
  • Xin-Ling Bi
  • Ru-Zhi Zhang
  • Liu-Qing Chen
  • Shan Yuan
  • Dimitris Rigopoulos
  • Dong-Lai Ma
  • Wen-Yuan Zhu
  • Heng-Jin Li
  • Zhi-Qiang Yin
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter presents with granulosis rubra nasi, Fox-Fordyce disease, ophiasis and sisaipho hair regrowth pattern, pseudopelade of Brocq, alopecia areata sparing white hairs within lesion, coexistence of acquired hypertrichosis and scalp alopecia, woolly hair, monilethrix, pili annulati, trichonodosis, hair cast, trichostasis spinulosa, cutaneous pili migrans, red hair, permanent poliosis after plucking, congenital leukonychia totalis, hyperpigmentation of the nail from lead deposition, longitudinal erythronychia, chromonychias, subungual splinter hemorrhage, sebaceous gland hyperplasia, as well as sebaceous hyperplasia within epidermis after scald.

References

  1. 1.
    Sargunam C, Thomas J, Ahmed NA. Granulosis rubra nasi. Indian Dermatol Online J. 2013;4(3):208–9.  https://doi.org/10.4103/2229-5178.115519.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Roche H, Roche-Kubler B, Blanc D, Algros MP, Faivre B, Aubin F. A female case of Fox-Fordyce disease. Eur J Dermatol. 2016;26(2):212–3.  https://doi.org/10.1684/ejd.2016.2752.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Heath CR, Taylor SC. Alopecia in an ophiasis pattern: traction alopecia versus alopecia areata. Cutis. 2012;89(5):213–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Diwan N, Gohil S, Nair PA. Primary idiopathic pseudopelade of Brocq: five case reports. Int J Trichology. 2014;6(1):27–30.  https://doi.org/10.4103/0974-7753.136759.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jang YH, Jung HJ, Moon SY, Lee WJ, Lee SJ, Lee WK, Kim DW. Systematic review and quality analysis of studies on the efficacy of topical diphenylcyclopropenone treatment for alopecia areata. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2017;77(1):170–2. , e171.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2017.03.015.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tan C, Zhu WY, Min ZS. A case of patchy alopecia areata sparing lesional greying hairs. Int J Dermatol. 2008;47(8):864–5.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-4632.2008.03584.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhang RZ, Zhu WY, Zhou L. Coexistence of acquired hypertrichosis and scalp alopecia in a patient with infiltrating ductal carcinoma. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2012;78(1):122.  https://doi.org/10.4103/0378-6323.90972.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Itoh E, Nakahara T, Furumura M, Furue M, Shimomura Y. Case of autosomal recessive woolly hair/hypotrichosis with atopic dermatitis. J Dermatol. 2016;44(10):1185–6.  https://doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.13660.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nedoszytko B, Lewicka-Potocka Z, Szczerkowska-Dobosz A, Glen J, Bykowska B, Swiatecka-Czaj J, Nowicki R. Monilethrix in monozygotic twins with very rare mutation in KRT 86 gene. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017;31(9):e409–10.  https://doi.org/10.1111/jdv.14222.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nam CH, Park M, Choi MS, Hong SP, Kim MH, Park BC. Pili Annulati with multiple fragile hairs. Ann Dermatol. 2017;29(2):254–6.  https://doi.org/10.5021/ad.2017.29.2.254.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kumaresan M, Deepa M. Trichonodosis. Int J Trichology. 2014;6(1):31–3.  https://doi.org/10.4103/0974-7753.136760.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhu WY, Xia MY. Trichonodosis. Pediatr Dermatol. 1993;10(4):392–3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chairerg P, Tantavisut S, Tanavalee A, Tuangjaruwinai W, Panchaprateep R, Asawanonda P. Cast application of four weeks’ duration significantly affects hair length, diameter and density. J Dermatolog Treat. 2014;25(2):178–81.  https://doi.org/10.3109/09546634.2013.789471.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ramteke MN, Bhide AA. Trichostasis Spinulosa at an unusual site. Int J Trichology. 2016;8(2):78–80.  https://doi.org/10.4103/0974-7753.188032.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Khare S, Sengar SS. Cutaneous pili migrans: a creeping eruption like condition easy to diagnose and cure. Med J Armed Forces India. 2016;72(1):97–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mjafi.2015.10.004.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Graham KS, Leibel RL. Yellow mice, red hair, and childhood obesity: the melanocortinergic pathway in energy homeostasis. J Pediatr. 2001;139(2):177–81.  https://doi.org/10.1067/mpd.2001.117574.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tan C, Zhu WY. Permanent poliosis following repetitive plucking in an adolescent. J Cutan Med Surg. 2010;14(4):193–4.  https://doi.org/10.2310/7750.2010.09062.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ganesh A, Priyanka G. Idiopathic congenital true leukonychia totalis. Indian Dermatol Online J. 2014;5(Suppl 1):S65–6.  https://doi.org/10.4103/2229-5178.144551.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhu WY, Xia MY, Huang SD, Du D. Hyperpigmentation of the nail from lead deposition. Int J Dermatol. 1989;28(4):273–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lipner SR, Scher RK. Longitudinal erythronychia of the fingernail. JAMA Dermatol. 2016;152(11):1271–2.  https://doi.org/10.1001/jamadermatol.2016.2747.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kim M, Sun EY, Jung HY, Cho BK, Park HJ. Onychopapilloma: a report of three cases presenting with various longitudinal chromonychia. Ann Dermatol. 2016;28(5):655–7.  https://doi.org/10.5021/ad.2016.28.5.655.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hafner J, Haenseler E, Ossent P, Burg G, Panizzon RG. Benzidine stain for the histochemical detection of hemoglobin in splinter hemorrhage (subungual hematoma) and black heel. Am J Dermatopathol. 1995;17(4):362–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ogawa M, Shinzawa M, Dogru M, Miyauchi J, Tanaka Y, Ogawa Y, Obata H, Tsubota K, Shimazaki J. Caruncular and pericaruncular sebaceous gland hyperplasia: a report of 2 cases and literature review. Eye Contact Lens. 2016.  https://doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000278.
  24. 24.
    Majumdar S, Aggarwal A. Sebaceous hyperplasia resembling lymphangioma circumscriptum. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2001;67(3):156–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Yin Z, Xu J, Luo D, Zhang M. Sebaceous hyperplasia within epidermis after scald. J Cutan Pathol. 2012;39(1):75–77.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0560.2011.01783.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Military Medical Press 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lei Cao
    • 1
  • Ren-Lin Shi
    • 2
  • Cheng Tan
    • 3
  • Xin-Ling Bi
    • 4
  • Ru-Zhi Zhang
    • 5
  • Liu-Qing Chen
    • 6
  • Shan Yuan
    • 7
  • Dimitris Rigopoulos
    • 8
  • Dong-Lai Ma
    • 9
  • Wen-Yuan Zhu
    • 1
  • Heng-Jin Li
    • 10
  • Zhi-Qiang Yin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyThe First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Department of DermatologyThe First People’s Hospital of Lanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina
  3. 3.Department of DermatologyAffiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese MedicineNanjingChina
  4. 4.Department of DermatologyChanghai Hospital, The Second Military Medical UniversityShanghaiChina
  5. 5.Department of DermatologyThe Third Affiliated Hospital of Suzhou UniversityChangzhouChina
  6. 6.Department of DermatologyWuhan First HospitalWuhanChina
  7. 7.Department of DermatologyThe Third Clinical Academy of Medical of Beijing Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  8. 8.Department of DermatologyAthens University School of MedicineAthensGreece
  9. 9.Department of DermatologyPeking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical CollegeBeijingChina
  10. 10.Department of DermatologyPLA General HospitalBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations