Techniques in the Collection, Preservation and Morphological Identification of Freshwater Zooplankton

  • N. Manickam
  • P. Santhanam
  • P. Saravana Bhavan


The word plankton (Greek for “wanderer” or “drifter”) was coined by the German Marine Biologist Victor Hensen (1887). The terminology “plankton” is plural (singular – plankter). Plankton community is a heterogeneous group of tiny plants (phytoplankton) and animals (zooplankton) adapted to suspension in the sea and fresh water. Their intrinsic movements, if any, are so feeble that they remain essentially at the mercy of every water current. It is a potentially functional community of similar organizational rank implicit in the terms forest or grassland communities. The terminology “plankton” included all organic particles, which float freely and involuntarily in the open water independent of shore and bottom. The dependence of plankton upon water movement for maintenance and transport is accurately implied in this definition (Greek word – planktos, meaning wandering). The term plankton refers to any small biota (from microns to centimeters) living in the water and drifting at the mercy of currents, ranging from bacteria to sea jelly.



The authors thank the authorities of Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli-24, Tamil Nadu, India, for providing the necessary facilities. The first author (NM) gratefully acknowledges the SERB, Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India, New Delhi, for financial support through PI/National Post-Doctoral Fellowship (N-PDF) (DST-SERB, file no.: PDF/2016/000738; dated 05.06.2016).


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Manickam
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. Santhanam
    • 3
  • P. Saravana Bhavan
    • 4
  1. 1.Marine Planktonology and Aquaculture Laboratory, Department of Marine Science, School of Marine SciencesBharathidasan UniversityTiruchirappalliIndia
  2. 2.Crustacean Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, School of Life SciencesBharathiar UniversityCoimbatoreIndia
  3. 3.Marine Planktonology and Aquaculture Laboratory, Department of Marine ScienceBharathidasan UniversityTiruchirappalliIndia
  4. 4.Crustacean Biology Laboratory, Department of ZoologyBharathiar UniversityCoimbatoreIndia

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