The Impact of Microplastics on Marine Copepods

  • P. Raju
  • S. Gunabal
  • P. Santhanam


Marine atmospheres are exposed to a widespread of anthropogenic pollutants, including radionuclides, nanoparticles, sewage, endocrine disruptors, hydrophobic contaminants and plastic debris. Plastic debris is a wide range contaminant of both freshwater and marine ecosystems, where it can accumulate over time and pose a risk to the health of aquatic organisms (Barnes et al. 2009; Derraik 2002). In the last 60 years, there has been a rapid growing in plastic manufacture, and in 2012 over 288 million tonnes of plastic was produced globally (Plastics Europe 2013) which demonstrates 2.8% development upon the previous year (Plastics Europe 2013). It is held on that 10% of plastics mass produced are likely to end up in the marine environment (Thompson 2006).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Raju
    • 1
  • S. Gunabal
    • 1
  • P. Santhanam
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine Planktonology & Aquaculture Laboratory, Department of Marine Science, School of Marine SciencesBharathidasan UniversityTiruchirappalliIndia

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