Intensive Culture, Biochemical Composition Analysis, and Use of Zooplankton Tisbe sp. (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) as an Alternative Live Feed for Shrimp Larviculture

  • S. Ananth
  • P. Santhanam


Harpacticoid copepods form a vital link in the aquatic food chain. A harpacticoid life begins as fertilized egg and then hatches as a nauplius (6 stages), copepodite (5 stages), and finally becomes an adult. These developmental stages are mainly governed by the environmental parameters. A complete development may take from a week to several months depending upon the species and environmental parameters. The harpacticoid copepod Tisbe spp. are able to synthesize essential fatty acids (EFA) like EPA and DHA from short-chain fatty acids, even when fed with EFA-deficient microalgae and yeast (Nanton and Castell 1998). Although copepods constitute 80% of zooplankton in the ocean, only 60 copepods are cultured at laboratory level (Drillet 2010). Owing to the growing importance on copepods as live feed for larviculture, it is important to know the basic knowledge on its biology. Stottrup (2000) suggested that “A basic knowledge of physiological processes and population dynamics of a species is a prerequisite for the development of rearing techniques.”



Authors thank the Head of the Department of Marine Science and authorities of Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli-24, for the facilities provided. Authors thank the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, New Delhi, for marine copepods and microalgae culture facility provided through extramural project (BT/PR 5856/AAQ/3/598/2012). The first author (SA) greatly acknowledges the DBT, Government of India, for providing Senior Research Fellowship.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Ananth
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. Santhanam
    • 3
  1. 1.Marine Planktonology & Aquaculture Lab., Department of Marine Science, School of Marine SciencesBharathidasan UniversityTiruchirappalliIndia
  2. 2.Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and FisheriesMinistry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Krishi BhavanNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Marine Planktonology & Aquaculture Laboratory, Department of Marine Science, School of Marine SciencesBharathidasan UniversityTiruchirappalliIndia

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