The Techniques in Microalgae Bioremediation and Algal Co-product Development
Absorption and adsorptions of pollutants involve the irons binding by either nonliving (biosorption) or living (bioaccumulation) biomass in addition to environmental factors influencing such remediation as mentioned in Fig. 1. Barron (1995) defined bioaccumulation process as gathering of pollutants, such as nutrients (nitrates, phosphates, sulfates, organic and inorganic carbon compounds), metals, pesticides, or other organic chemicals in an organism, and transferring of organic or inorganic pollutants inside of microbial organisms. Microbial organism uptakes the substances or pollutants (nutrients, metals, etc.), while the substance rate is higher than what they lost.
Authors are thankful to the Head of the Department of Marine Science and authorities of Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli-24, Tamil Nadu, India, for providing necessary facilities. One of the authors (SDK) thanks the University Grants Commission, Govt. of India, New Delhi, for Postdoctoral Fellowship (Ref. No. F./31-1/2017/PDFSS-2017-18-TAM-13681 dated 19.06.2017).
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