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Replacement of Fishmeal with Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis and Its Use in Freshwater Prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii Production

  • T. Muralisankar
  • P. Santhanam
  • S. Radhakrishnan
  • N. Manickam
  • P. Saravana Bhavan
Chapter

Abstract

Next to agriculture, aquaculture plays a major role in food production around the world. Finfish and shellfish have a vital role in aquaculture operations. Among these, crustaceans, such as prawns, shrimps, crayfish, lobsters and crabs have vital role due to their nutritious delicacy for mankind. Macrobrachium rosenbergii is one of the important cultivable freshwater prawn species due to its wide variety of environment tolerances like temperature and salinity. M. rosenbergii is a candidate species in rural aquaculture for economic development (Tayamen 2007). In prawn culturing industries, about 40–60% of the operational expenditure is incurred towards the feeds used. Among the feed ingredients, fishmeal plays a major role due to the presence of high digestible protein, however, it is an expensive one due to low or unpredictable availability (Maliwat et al. 2016). Hence, there is a need to search the alternative protein sources to replace the fishmeal in prawn aquaculture. In regard to this, a number of studies have been conducted to find alternative source for replacing the fishmeal in the diets of prawns and shrimps (Sudaryono et al. 1999; Yang et al. 2004; Samocha et al. 2004; Muralisankar and Bhavan 2013).

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are thankful to the authorities of Bharathiar University, Coimbatore and Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, for the facilities provided. One of the authors (TM) thanks the SERB, DST, Govt. of India for the National Postdoctoral Fellowship (PDF/2015/000231) provided.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Muralisankar
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. Santhanam
    • 2
  • S. Radhakrishnan
    • 3
  • N. Manickam
    • 2
  • P. Saravana Bhavan
    • 4
  1. 1.Aquatic Ecology Laboratory, Department of ZoologyBharathiar UniversityCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Marine Planktonology and Aquaculture Laboratory, Department of Marine ScienceBharathidasan UniversityTiruchirappalliIndia
  3. 3.Aquaculture Research Station, Department of Aridland Agriculture, College of Food and AgricultureUnited Arab Emirates UniversityAl AinUAE
  4. 4.Crustacean Biology Laboratory, Department of ZoologyBharathiar UniversityCoimbatoreIndia

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