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Distribution of Phytoplankton in Selected Salt Pans of Tamil Nadu, Southeast Coast of India

  • A. Shenbaga Devi
  • P. Santhanam
  • S. Ananth
  • S. Dinesh Kumar
Chapter

Abstract

Salt is one of the world’s best-known minerals and the chemical substances most related with the history of human civilization (Korovessis and Lekkas 2009). Solar evaporation is a process that has been profitably used for salt production for millennia. However still, the biology of a saline ecosystem in relation with the salt production process has not been well studied. Recently many countries have shown interest in maintaining and manipulating the hypersaline ecosystem for aquaculture and other related activities. Salt pan ecosystem is highly dynamic where the organisms are subjected to vulnerable physico-chemical disturbances. Salt pans are unique enclosed ecosystem that is characteristically exposed to a wide range of environmental stress and perturbations manifest mainly through salinity changes. In the extreme astatic physico-chemical conditions of these hypersaline habitats, only a few plant and animal species can live. Salt pan ecosystem offers a number of unique ecological niches having a strange combination of environmental factors. The nutrient-rich seawater in saltworks favours algal blooms in reservoirs and evaporators.

Notes

Acknowledgement

Authors are indebted to the Head, Department of Marine Science and authorities of Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, for the facilities provided. Authors give due thanks to the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India, New Delhi, for providing microalgae culture facility through extramural project (BT/PR 5856/AAQ/3/598/2012). The first author (AS) thanks the University Grants Commission, New Delhi, Government of India, for Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship provided.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Shenbaga Devi
    • 1
  • P. Santhanam
    • 1
  • S. Ananth
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Dinesh Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine Planktonology & Aquaculture Laboratory, Department of Marine Science, School of Marine SciencesBharathidasan UniversityTiruchirappalliIndia
  2. 2.Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and FisheriesMinistry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Krishi BhavanNew DelhiIndia

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