Past, Present, and Future Views in Tokyo

Chapter
Part of the International Perspectives in Geography book series (IPG, volume 8)

Abstract

Views within and from a city make spatial experiments productive. These views make it easier to understand the importance of a city’s image as held by urban planners and designers. Based on literature reviews and data gathered from the author’s research on views in Tokyo, this chapter establishes four phases – “foundation,” “creation,” “obscuration,” and “conservation” – for views in Edo and Tokyo, in the context of urban transformation, and overviews the historical transition of views in Tokyo. Finally, this chapter concludes that we need sophisticated theories and techniques of view management planning to consider how we can create new views, while taking into account existing urban issues; we also need to formulate ideas for taking advantage of views as local resources, to raise a shared awareness of the importance of views in our daily experiences.

Keywords

View Vista Panorama Conservation Town planning Landscape planning 

References

  1. Ashihara Y (1979) Machinami no bigaku (Aesthetics of townscape). Iwanami Shoten (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  2. Chiba K (1996) A study on changes in the prospects of Edo-Tokyo. J Archit Plann Environ Eng (Transactions of AIJ) 481:157–166. (in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  3. Higuchi T (1981) Nihon no keikan (The scenery of Japan). Shunjusha (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  4. Hirano K, Shinohara O (1992) The adoption and transformation of vista composition in Japan. Pap Res Meet Civil Eng Plann 15(1–2):913–920. (in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  5. Kano Y, Hattori T, Yang S, Nakada S, Shinji I (1998) A study on the landscape architectural life history of the ex Saigo Judo’s garden in Meguro-ku, Tokyo. J Jpn Inst Landsc Archit 61:389–394. (in Japanese with English abstract)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kirishiki S (1972) Tensho, Keicho, Kan-ei ki Edo shigaichi kennsetsu ni okeru keikan sekkei. Edo-Tokyo no toshi-shi oyobi toshi-keikakushiteki kenkyu (1) (Landscape planning of Edo city area construction in the Tensho, Keicho and Kanei eras – research on the urban city history and the history of urban planning of Tokyo-Edo (1)). Toshi Kenkyu Hokoku 24:1–22. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  7. Murohoshi K (1991) Challenge to protection of cultural-property gardens in urban environment and consideration given to it. Publ Park Mag 114:15–26. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  8. Narita H (1999) Research on landscape destruction in Tokyo metropolitan gardens. Publ Park Mag 144:84–92. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  9. Nishimura Y (1997) Kankyo hozen to keikan sozo: Korekara no toshi fukei he mukete (Environmental conservation and creation of landscapes: toward urban scenery in the future). Kashima Shuppankai (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  10. Nishimura Y, View Research Group (2004a) Tokushu: Kokkaigijido mondai no toikakeru mono (Special topic: proposal of diet building problems). Kikan Machi Zukuri 1:45–65. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  11. Nishimura Y, View Research Group (2004b) Tokushu: Tokyo no choubo keikan o fukan suru (Special topic: overview of Tokyo’s scenery). Kikan Machi Zukuri 2:101–114. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  12. Okamura Y (2008) A study on view management plan in Japan. Doctoral thesis, University of Tokyo (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  13. Okamura Y (2013) The past, present, and future of view in Tokyo. J Geogr (Chigaku Zasshi) 122:1056–1069. (in Japanese with English abstract)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Okamura Y, Takamizawa K (2009) Shimin dantai ni yoru chobo keikan hozen no torikumi (Landscape preservation efforts by citizens’ organizations: “Mt. Fuji Project” by Machi-Kei Machi-Kan Forum, Chigasaki (1998–2008)). Conference materials of the Research Committee on Urban Planning and Design, Architectural Institute of Japan (Tohoku), 61–64 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  15. Okamura Y, Nakajima N, Tanaka A, Goto R (2003) The present situation of vista view and its phase on townscape policy in Tokyo ward areas. Summaries of technical papers of annual meeting Architectural Institute of Japan, F-1, 381–382 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  16. Saito U, Yajima H (1987) A study on views of landmarks: a case study of Edo in the 19th century. City Plan Rev 22:307–312. (in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  17. Sasaki Y (1992) Kindai toshi keikan dezain ni okeru obei moderu no jyuyo no shuho to shiso (Ideas and methods for accepting European and American models for modern city scenery designs). Doctoral thesis, University of Tokyo (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  18. Sasaki Y (2005) Sense of value and importance of scenery. Kikan Machi Zukuri 5:89. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  19. Shibata H, Saito U, Dohi M, Nagahashi T (2004) Kankyo to toshi no dezain (Environment and urban design). Gakugei Shuppansha (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  20. Shinji I, Shimizu T, Takemata T (1989) The present situation of landscape destructions on the cultural property gardens in Tokyo. J Jpn Inst Landsc Archit 52(5):43–48. (in Japanese with English abstract)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Terakado Y, Aiba Y, Chiba K, Kawamoto T (1999) Nippori Fujimizaka no chobo hozen ni kansuru chosa kenkyu (A study on the view protection of Nippori Fujimizaka). Daiichijutaku-Kensetsukyokai Research Report (in Japanese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Tourism Science, Faculty of Urban Environmental SciencesTokyo Metropolitan UniversityTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations