A Design of Portable Continuous Passive Joint Mobilization Equipment System

  • Do Yeon Jeon
  • Young Hyo Kim
  • Ha Yeon Park
  • Jun-Ho Huh
  • Hyeok Gyu KwonEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 474)


As for the integration with IT in the medical field, an attempt to introduce some systems integrated with the equipments having a network capability like smartphones connected to medical equipments is not rare. The proposed design in this study aims to supplement the disadvantage of existing Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) and develop a system that can treat and manage patients by enhancing portability and usability through integration with IT devices. The device design is largely divided into the main body comprising of (1) axis part, (2) fixed arm part and (3) moving arm part and the operational part (an exclusive application). As two electric motors that are necessary to operate the machine are attached on either side of the axis part in the center, flexion and extension movements are possible. The second part, fixed arm, plays the role of anchoring a part of human body while the moving arm part is applied to the place where movement is actually necessary. The design allows the system to be used for the treatment of patients anytime and anywhere. Also, as it can operate the equipment and manage treatment information through its exclusive application the equipment application can be maximized. Thus, it’s been judged that the proposed system will be able to replace existing CPM and ultimately improve the quality of human life with its integrated form.


ICT Medical equipments Continuous passive motion Range Of Motion 



The 4D Health Care Project Group of Catholic University of Pusan aims to cultivate the creative talent who have capabilities in developing 4D contents required for rehabilitation and health care of modern people. Both Department of Physical Therapy and Department of Software of this university are participating and operating the group jointly to perform the task.

The 4D Health Care refers to an advance health care technology which is used for the operation in a 4D-based mixed reality where human senses, cognition and experiences (1D) have been converged with both real and virtual information (3D) and the project group runs various curricular and extracurricular programs to train every participating student to acquire a 4D technology-based health care contents development skills. Also, my gratitude extends to Catholic University of Pusan and the Lord who has provided me with his wisdom and grace.


  1. 1.
    Chandler, D., Munday, R.: A Dictionary of Media and Communication. Oxford Paperback Reference, 1st edn., viii, p. 472. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chaudhry, B., et al.: Systematic review: impact of health information technology on quality, efficiency, and costs of medical care. Ann. Intern. Med. 144(10), 742–752 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Glaser, J.P., Salzberg, C.: The Strategic Application of Information Technology in Health Care Organizations. 3rd edn., xvi, p. 272. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Goldzweig, C.L., et al.: Costs and benefits of health information technology: new trends from the literature. Health Aff. (Millwood) 28(2), 282–293 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Braddom, R.L., Chan, L., Harrast, M.A.: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 4th edn., xxiv, p. 1506. Saunders/Elsevier, Philadelphia (2011)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Frontera, W.R., DeLisa, J.A.: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: Principles and Practice. 5th edn., vol. 22, 2200, p. 39. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Health, Philadelphia (2010)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Salter, R.B.: The biologic concept of continuous passive motion of synovial joints. The first 18 years of basic research and its clinical application. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 242, 12–25 (1989)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Salter, R.B., et al.: Clinical application of basic research on continuous passive motion for disorders and injuries of synovial joints: a preliminary report of a feasibility study. J. Orthop. Res. 1(3), 325–342 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Basso, D.M., Knapp, L.: Comparison of two continuous passive motion protocols for patients with total knee implants. Phys. Ther. 67(3), 360–363 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Salter, R.B., et al.: The biological effect of continuous passive motion on the healing of full-thickness defects in articular cartilage. An experimental investigation in the rabbit. J. Bone Joint Surg. Am. 62(8), 1232–1251 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Salter, R.B., Bell, R.S., Keeley, F.W.: The protective effect of continuous passive motion in living articular cartilage in acute septic arthritis: an experimental investigation in the rabbit. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 159, 223–247 (1981)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Beaupre, L.A., et al.: Exercise combined with continuous passive motion or slider board therapy compared with exercise only: a randomized controlled trial of patients following total knee arthroplasty. Phys. Ther. 81(4), 1029–1037 (2001)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Colwell, C.W., Morris, B.A.: The influence of continuous passive motion on the results of total knee arthroplasty. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 276, 225–228 (1992)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jordan, L.R., Siegel, J.L., Olivo, J.L.: Early flexion routine. An alternative method of continuous passive motion. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 315, 231–233 (1995)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bruun-Olsen, V., Heiberg, K.E., Mengshoel, A.M.: Continuous passive motion as an adjunct to active exercises in early rehabilitation following total knee arthroplasty - a randomized controlled trial. Disabil. Rehabil. 31(4), 277–283 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Huh, J.-H.: PLC-based design of monitoring system for ICT-integrated vertical fish farm. Hum.-centric Comput. Inf. Sci. 7(1), 1–19 (2017). Springer, Berlin HeidelbergMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Do Yeon Jeon
    • 1
  • Young Hyo Kim
    • 1
  • Ha Yeon Park
    • 1
  • Jun-Ho Huh
    • 2
  • Hyeok Gyu Kwon
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Physical TherapyCatholic University of PusanBusanSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of SoftwareCatholic University of PusanBusanSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations