Adaptive Opportunistic Routing over DTMANETS: Proposals and Issues

  • Javid Ali
  • Raja Wasim Ahmad
  • Tahir Maqsood
  • Junaid Shuja
  • Yungwey Chong
  • Soongohn Kim
  • KwngMan KoEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 474)


The convenience of small, cheep, and mobile communication devices such as laptops, cell phones, handheld devices, and mobiles sensor nodes, has popularized mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). With the convenience, interconnection among these devices introduced new dimensions of challenges for the technology to be used for communication. Such challenges include wireless communication, mobility, and portability. Furthermore, the sparse behavior of nodes in turbulent areas, where connectivity is commonly not possible all the time, resulted in yet another exciting technology known as delay tolerant networks (DTNs). This work is related to the association of opportunistic techniques with different scenarios in which different opportunistic elements of relay nodes, e.g. message storage capacity, territory and velocity are classified according to its usefulness in a given scenario.


Routing Adaptability Communication DTMANETS IoT Wireless networking 



This work was supported by Institute for Information & Communication Technology Promotion (IITP) grant funded by Korea Government (MSIP 2017-0-01705). This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2017030223). This paper was partially supported by Joongbu University Research & Development Fund, in 2017.


  1. 1.
    Zhao, X.: An adaptive approach for optimized opportunistic routing over delay tolerant mobile ad hoc networks. Ph.D. Dissertation, December 2007 Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Daly, E.M., Haahr, M.: Social network analysis for routing in disconnected delay-tolerant MANETs. In: MobiHoc 2007. ACM Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ott, J., Kutscher, D., Dwertmann, C.: Integrating DTN and MANET routing. In: SIGCOMM 2006. ACMGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Warthman, F.: Delay-Tolerant Networks (A Tutorial), May 2003Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Daly, E.M., Haahr, M.: The Challenges of Disconnected Delay-tolerant MANETs. Elsevier B.V.
  6. 6.
    Biswas, S., Morris, R.: Opportunistic Routing in Multi-Hop Wireless NetworksGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chachulski, S., Jenning, M., Katti, S., Katabi, D.: Trading structure for randomness in wireless opportunistic routing. In: SIGCOMM 2007, Kyoto, Japan, 27–30 August 2007Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Corson, S., Macker, J.: Mobile ad hoc networking (MANET): routing protocol performance issues and evaluation consideration, RFC 2501 (1999)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bertsekas, G.: Temporally-ordered routing algorithm. In: Ad-Hoc Workshop Winter (Termine) Vainio (2002)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chen, X., Murphy, A.L.: Enabling disconnected transitive communication in mobile ad hoc networks. In: Proceedings of Workshop on Principles of Mobile Computing, Collocated with PODC 2001, pp. 21–27, August 2001Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Clausen, T., Jacquet, P., Viennot, L., Laouiti, A., Qayyum, A.: Optimized link state routing protocol. In: Proceedings of IEEE INMIC (2001)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Demers, A., Greene, D., Hauser, C., Irish, W., Larson, J., Shenker, S., Sturgis, D., Swinehart, D., Terry, D.: Epidemic algorithms for replicated database maintenance. In: Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing, pp. 1–12 (1987)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Glance, N., Snowdon, D., Meunier, J.L.: Pollen: using people as a communication medium. Comput. Netw. 35(4), 429–442 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    He, G.: Destination-Sequenced Distance Vector (DSDV) protocol. Networking, Laboratory Helsinki University of Technology, September 2002Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Jacquet, P., Muhlethaler,P., Clausen, T., Laouiti, A., Qayyum, A., Viennot, L.: Optimized link state routing protocol for ad hoc networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Multi Topic Conference, 2001, IEEE INMIC 2001, Technology for the 21st Century, pp. 62–68 (2006)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jain, S., Fall, K., Patra, R.: Routing in a Delay Tolerant Network. University of Washington, ACM Portal – (2005)
  17. 17.
    Johnson, D.B., Maltz, D.A., Broch, J.: DSR: The Dynamic Source Routing Protocol for Multi-Hop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks. Computer Science Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, September 2004Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ko, Y.B., Vaidya, N.H.: Location-Aided Routing (LAR) in mobile ad hoc networks. Department of Computer Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, August 2004Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Beaufour, A., Leopold, M., Bonnet, P.: Smart-tag based data dissemination. In: First ACM International Workshop on Wireless Sensor Networks and Applications (WSNA 2002), June 2002Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vahdat, A., Becker, D.: Epidemic routing for partially connected ad hoc networks. Technical report CS-200006, Duke University, April 2000Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Michael, D., Eric, B., Kevin, F., Sushant, J., Melissa, H., Robin, P.: Implementing delay tolerant networking. Technical report IRB-TR-04-020, Intel Research Berkeley, December 2004Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Shen, C.-C., Borkar, G., Rajagopalan, S., Jaikaeo, C.: Interrogation-based relay routing for ad hoc satellite networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE Globecom 2002, Taipei, Taiwan, November 2002Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    LeBrun, J., Chuah, C.-N., Ghosal, D., Zhang, M.: Knowledge-based opportunistic forwarding in vehicular wireless ad hoc networks. In: IEEE VTC Spring (2005)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Leguay, J., Friedman, T., Conan, V.: Evaluating Mobility Pattern Space Routing for DTNs. Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire LiP6–CNRS, Thales Communications (2005)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Li, Q., Rus, R.: Communication in disconnected ad-hoc networks using message relay. J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. 63(1), 75–86 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Lindgren, A.: Routing and Quality of Service in Wireless and Disruption Tolerant Networks. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, Division of Systems and Interaction, June 2006 Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ma, R., Ilow, J.: Reliable multipath routing with fixed delays in MANET using regenerating nodes. In: LCN 2003 Proceedings (2003)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Macker, J.P., Corsonb, M.S.: Mobile Ad Hoc Networking and the IETF. IT Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, USA, Mobile Ad Hoc Networking (MANET) Working Group of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) (2007)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zhang, P., Landsiedel, O., Theel, O.: MOR: Multichannel Opportunistic Routing for wireless sensor networks. In: Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Embedded Wireless Systems and Networks, pp. 36–47. Junction Publishing, February 2017Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ramana, M.V., Krishna, P.V.: Opportunistic adaptive routing protocol for delay tolerant mobile ad-hoc networks. Ann. Comput. Sci. Ser. 14(1), 25–29 (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Javid Ali
    • 1
  • Raja Wasim Ahmad
    • 1
  • Tahir Maqsood
    • 1
  • Junaid Shuja
    • 1
  • Yungwey Chong
    • 2
  • Soongohn Kim
    • 3
  • KwngMan Ko
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.COMSATS Institute of ITAbbotabadPakistan
  2. 2.National Advanced IPv6 Centre, Universiti Sains MalaysiaGeorge TownMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Computer Game EngineeringJoongbu UniversityGeumsan-gunSouth Korea
  4. 4.Department of Computer EngineeringSangji UniversityWonjuSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations