Potential Treatment Options in a Post-antibiotic Era

  • R R BraggEmail author
  • C M Meyburgh
  • J-Y Lee
  • M Coetzee
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1052)


Following the Golden Age of antibiotic discovery in the previous century, the rate of antibiotic discovery has plummeted during the past 50 years while the incidence of antimicrobial resistance is ever-increasing. Presently, humankind is forced to address a major public health threat in the form of multiple drug resistance and urgent action is required to halt the advent of a post-antibiotic era. This chapter aims to draw the attention to the escalating global crisis of antimicrobial resistance fueled by the irresponsible use of antibiotics in healthcare and animal production sectors. The merits of alternative prevention and treatment options, including vaccines, herbal products, bacteriophages, and improved biosecurity measures are also discussed.


Antibiotics Vaccines Essential oils Bacteriophages Antimicrobial resistance 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Microbial, Biochemical and Food Microbiology, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural SciencesUniversity of the Free StateBloemfonteinRepublic of South Africa

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