Evaluation of Well Pattern Adaptability in Low-Permeability Carbonate Gas Reservoir

  • Jian-guo ZhangEmail author
  • Jin-hua Liu
  • Min Tian
  • Lei He
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering book series (SSGG)


Well pattern adaptability is a key factor in determining gas recovery. Based on the characteristics of low-permeability, thin-layer and multi-layer development of carbonate reservoir in Jingbian Gas Field, the interference test, production dynamic analysis, pressure drop curve analysis and gas well radius evaluation were carried out, and the adaptability of well pattern system and residual reserves distribution were made clarified. The results showed that the average single well controlled radius of the main layer is 1.3 km, and the well pattern is basically perfect; the average single well controlled radius of the other five secondary layers is 0.2–0.6 km, and the well pattern is not perfect; the residual reserves are mainly distributed in the secondary layers, groove or channel edges and local tight areas. The research has formed the evaluation method of the well pattern of developed gas fields and has developed the corresponding development countermeasures for the quality and distribution characteristics of different types of residual reserves. It has been used in the development of Jingbian Gas Field in order to provide a basis to improve the gas recovery and also to provide reference for well pattern adaptability evaluation and infilling wells deployment of other similar gas fields.


Low-permeability gas reservoir Well pattern Adaptability evaluation Remaining reserves Internal infilling 


  1. 1.
    Wang Y, Gao J, Zhao J (2013) An overview of characteristics of Jingbian gas field in the central ordos basin. Ground Water 35(4):235–237Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang M, Yu K (1998) A study on well pattern development of low permeability and thin layer gas fields. Nat Gas Ind 18(5):26–28Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tang J, Jia A, Lei C (2007) Well pattern optimization for the Sulige gas field with low permeability and strong heterogeneity. J Daqing Pet Inst 31(5):73–77Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhu J, Ai F, Wang J (2007) Technique of well pattern optimization in block Su-10 Sulige gas field. Nat Gas Ind 27(12):111–113Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    He D, Jia A, Guang Ji (2013) Well type and pattern optimization technology for large scale tight sand gas, Sulige Gas Field. Pet Explor Dev 40(1):79–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Li S, Zhu X, Jin H (2010) Study on rational well pattern and well spacing in low permeability gas field. Spec Oil Gas Reservoirs 17(5):73–76Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Guo P, Jing S, Peng C (2014) Technology and countermeasures for gas recovery enhancement. Nat Gas Ind 34(2):48–55Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jia A, Fu N, Cheng L (2012) The Evaluation and recoverability analysis of low-quality reserves in Jingbian gas field. Acta Petrolei Sinica 33(2):160–165Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yanfei Geng, Xiaofeng Han (2014) Rational well pattern and spacing for Daniudi gas field, Ordos basin. Nat Gas Explor Dev 37(3):52–56Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Li Y, Xu W, Feng X (2014) Development well pattern optimization based on dynamic characteristics: a case study from the Sulige tight sandstone gas field with great heterogeneity. Nat Gas Ind 34(11):56–61Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhang M (2010) Evaluation techniques of dynamic reserves: Case history of low-permeability and heterogeneous reservoirs in Changqing gas fields. Nat Gas Ind 30(4):50–53Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Li S (2000) Gas engineering. Petroleum Industry PressGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wang X, Wang J, Hua Lv (2011) An application of gas production profile data in Jingbian gas field. Petrochemical Ind Appl 30(10):49–52Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jian-guo Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jin-hua Liu
    • 3
  • Min Tian
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lei He
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.National Engineering Laboratory for Exploration and Development of Low Permeability Oil and Gas FieldsXi’anChina
  2. 2.Exploration and Development Research Institute of PetroChina Changqing Oilfield CompanyXi’anChina
  3. 3.International Cooperation Department of PetroChina Changqing Oilfield CompanyXi’anChina

Personalised recommendations