A Water Plugging Agent of High Temperature and Low Permeability Reservoirs

Conference paper
Part of the Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering book series (SSGG)


A novel water plugging agent with gelatinous polymer cross-linked in high temperature and low permeability reservoirs was studied in our laboratory. The ingredients used to make the water plugging agent were a polymer monomer, a cross-linker, and other compounds. All the components can be mixed in water easily. At normal temperature, the solution of the water plugging agent can be stable for months. The viscosity of the solution is less than 10 mPa s, which is easy to be injected deep into the low permeability reservoir. On-line injection of the single liquid method can be realized in the process of a site application. At high temperature, 120 degrees centigrade or above, the solution can be cross-linked in several hours and produce a high tensile strength gel. When the solution is injected into high-temperature reservoirs, a cross-linking reaction can occur. The cross-linking product can be used as a water plugging agent in the interest interval to control water. Some experiments of the gel were carried out in our laboratory, such as rheological test, spectrometric analysis, electron microscopy scanning, and so on. The displacement experiments of natural cores were carried out too.


Low permeability Water plugging agent Cross-linking reaction Gel Core displacement 


  1. 1.
    Wassmuth F, Green K, Hodgins L (2004) Water plugging in gas well: proper gel placement is the key to success (SPE 89403)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hassan C, Philippe E, Keng SC et al (2007) Successful innovative water-plugging operations in low-permeability gas wells (SPE 105262)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chat J, Antoine B, Richard C (2009) Selective water plugging in gas well turns a liability into an asset: a successful case history from East Kalimantan, Indonesia (SPE 121182)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hernadez R, Vasquez J Cancino V (2010) Successful water-plugging case histories in a naturally fracured carbonate reservoir in offshore mexico using an organically crosslinked polymer system with a modified tail-in (SPE 127981)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ghaithan AA-M, Leopoldo S, Francisco G (2010) Water plugging with polymer gels in a high temperature horizontal gas well: a success story (SPE 129848)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & DevelopmentCNPCBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations